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2004 IUCN red list of threatened species
Provides taxonomic, conservation status and distribution information on taxa that have been evaluated using the IUCN red list categories. Includes information on taxa that are categorized as extinct, taxa that cannot be evaluated because of insufficient information and on lower risk taxa
Access and benefit-sharing in practice : trends in partnerships across sectors /
Adaptive monitoring : an overview /
Addis Ababa principles and guidelines for the sustainable use of biodiversity
The Addis Ababa principles and guidelines for the sustainable use of biodiversity provide a framework for assisting governments, indigenous and local communities, resource managers, the private sector and other stakeholders, about how to ensure that their uses of biological diversity will not lead to its long-term decline. The practical principles in most instances apply to both consumptive and non-consumptive uses of biodiversity components. They take into account requirements related to policies, laws, and regulations; management of biological diversity; socio-economic conditions; and information, research, and education
Africa's Gulf of Guinea forests biodiversity patterns and conservation priorities /
Alberta species at risk program and projects
Alfred Russel Wallace page
A website dedicated to celebrating the life and work of the English naturalist, evolutionist, and social critic Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913). Provides the full text of some of Wallace's published writings and interviews. Includes a biography, a chronology of main events in Wallace's life, and bibliographies of works by and about Wallace
Alien species in Hawaii information index
This site is the entry point for information on alien species in Hawaii compiled by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) Project
All-terrain vehicles in the Adirondacks : issues and options /
American Hyracotherium (Perissodactyla, Equidae)
American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition, May 1909-November 1915
Includes a multimedia introduction to the expedition, readings about the expedition and the Congo, and digitized sound recordings, artwork, photographs, video clips, field notes, maps, GIS data, and scientific publications related to the Congo. Users can search for field notebook entries, photographs (including anthropological objects collected by the expedition), and bibliographic citations, and can search by keyword in the full text of digitized scientific publications
amphibian tree of life /
Anatomy and systematics of the Confuciusornithidae (Theropoda:Aves) from the Late Mesozoic of northeastern China /
anatomy of Effigia okeeffeae (Archosauria, Suchia), theropod-like convergence, and the distribution of related taxa /
Annotated bibliography of the Lake Washington drainage /
Annotated bibliography on the ecology and reclamation of drastically disturbed areas /
annotated Ramsar list : the list of wetlands of international importance designated by the Contracting Parties to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971)
Annual report
Annual report / - (Southern California Coastal Water Research Project) 1987 to 2000
Applied ecosystem management on nonindustrial forest land /
Approaches to bioregional planning
Aquatic ecosystems and global climate change potential impacts on inland freshwater and coastal wetland ecosystems in the United States /
"Aquatic Ecosystems and Global Climate Change is the seventh in a series of Pew Center reports examining the potential impacts of climate change on the U.S. environment. It details the likely impacts of climate change over the next century on U.S. aquatic ecosystems."
Aquatic environment protection : analytical methods /
Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve and Cartier Island Marine Reserve management plans
Aspects of the carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems of northeastern Smaland /
Boreal and temperate ecosystems of the northern hemisphere are important for the future development of global climate. In this study, the carbon cycle has been studied in a pine forest, a meadow, a spruce forest and two deciduous forests in the Simpevarp investigation area in southern Sweden (5705THN, 34055THE). Ground respiration and ground Gross Primary Production (GPP) has been measured three times during spring 2004 with the closed chamber technique. Soil temperature, soil moisture and Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) were also measured. An exponential regression with ground respiration against soil temperature was used to extrapolate respiration over spring 2004. A logarithmic regression with ground GPP against PAR was used to extrapolate GPP in meadow over spring 2004. Ground respiration is affected by soil temperature in all ecosystems but pine, but still it only explains a small part of the variation in respiration and this indicates that other abiotic factors also have an influence. Soil moisture affects respiration in spruce and one of the deciduous ecosystems. A comparison between measured and extrapolated ground respiration indicated that soil temperature could be used to extrapolate ground respiration. PAR is the main factor influencing GPP in all ecosystems but pine, still it could not be used to extrapolate GPP in meadow since too few measurements were done and they were from different periods of spring. Soil moisture did not have any significant effect on GPP. A Dynamic Global Vegetation Model, a DGVM called LPJ-GUESS, was downscaled to the Simpevarp investigation area. The downscaled DGVM was evaluated against measured respiration and soil organic acids for all five ecosystems. In meadow, it was evaluated against Net Primary Production, NPP. For the forest ecosystems, it was evaluated against tree layer carbon pools. The evaluation indicated that the DGVM is reasonably well downscaled to the Simpevarp investigation area and it was used for future predictions of soil respiration, tree layer carbon pool and fast decomposing soil organic carbon pool, 2001-2100. NPP was also predicted for meadow. Two different climate scenarios were used. The fast decomposing soil organic carbon pools and soil respiration increased for all ecosystems, the tree layer carbon pools increased for the forest ecosystems and NPP increased in meadow in both scenarios, 2001-2100
Assessing community capacity for riparian restoration /
Assessing the ecological health of estuaries in Australia /
Assessment and management of alien species that threaten ecosystems, habitats, and species : abstracts of keynotes [sic] addresses and posters presented at the Sixth Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical, and Technological Advice, held
assessment of ecosystem components in the interior Columbia Basin and portions of the Klamath and Great Basins / - v.1
assessment of forest ecosystem health in the Southwest /
Assessment of information needs for freshwater flows into Australian estuaries : final report /
Assessment of species diversity in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone
Assessment of species diversity in the Montane Cordillera Ecozone
Assessment of the special-use forest system and its management in Lao Cai Province / - English part
Assessment, conservation, and sustainable use of forest biodiversity
At home on the range living with Alberta's prairie species at risk /
atlas of book lung fine structure in the order Scorpiones (Arachnida) /
The fine structure of the book lungs of scorpions is diverse and phylogenetically informative, but has not been comprehensively investigated across the major lineages of the order. In this contribution, we present a fully illustrated atlas of the variation in book lung fine structure among 200 exemplars from 100 genera and 18 families of extant scorpions. We document variation in the surface sculpturing of the respiratory lamellae, the edges of the lamellae in the atrial chamber, and the posterior valvelike edges of the spiracles. These data provide insights into the phylogenetic relationships among Recent scorpions at several branches of the tree
Australia : national objectives and targets for biodiversity conservation, 2001-2005
Australia's biodiversity : an overview of selected significant components
Australia's biodiversity conservation strategy 2010-2020 : consultation draft /
Australia's biodiversity--responses to fire : plants, birds, and invertebrates /
Australia's national report and companion document Eighth Conference of the Contracting Parties to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971) - National report
Australia's national report and companion document Eighth Conference of the Contracting Parties to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971) - Companion document
Australian catchment, river, and estuary assessment 2002 : assessing the aggregate impact of resource use on key natural ecosystems
"The report recognises and reinforces the role of integrated catchment management, tracing the impacts of land use activity within our catchments on important common property resources, rivers and estuaries"--P. [iii]
Azores scientific criteria and guidance for identifying ecologically or biologically significant marine areas and designing representative networks of marine protected areas in open ocean waters and deep sea habitats
Back to the future : reconstructing the Strait of Georgia ecosystem /
Baltic Sea : discovering the sea of life /
Bayesian statistical inference in ecological risk assessment /
benefits of marine protected areas
A brief exposition of the range of benefits that marine protected areas (MPAs) provide for fisheries, local economies, and the marine environment
benefits of marine protected areas technical paper /
Discusses issues such as: why marine protected areas are needed; the benefits of preserving biodiversity and ecosystem processes; the benefits that marine protected areas bring to fisheries and tourism; and the importance of marine protected areas for education, training, heritage, culture, and research. A number of case studies are included to demonstrate the benefits of marine protected areas
Best management practices handbook : hillslope restoration in British Columbia /
bibliography of the introduced marine species in Australian waters /
Big Canyon Creek : historic tidal wetlands conceptual restoration plan : upper Newport Bay, Orange County, California /
Bio-invasions : breaching natural barriers
Biochemical genetics of the introduced marine fanworm Sabella spallanzanii /
Biodiversity and conservation a hypertext book /
Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning maintaining natural life support processes /
Biodiversity and its relationship to potential anthropogenic stressors on the Frontenac Axis, southern Ontario
Biodiversity and its value
Biodiversity conservation
Biodiversity conservation research : Australia's priorities
Biodiversity country report
Biodiversity country report
Biodiversity information online BIO
This site provides information about New Zealand's native biodiversity, what is being done to help conserve and manage it, and who is involved. The information and work programs covered in this site are part of New Zealand's long-term commitment to conserve its natural heritage under the New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy. The information on this site is sponsored by the four central government agencies that have a statutory role in managing and conserving New Zealand's unique biodiversity: Ministry for the Environment, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Conservation, and Ministry of Fisheries
biodiversity of Richmond, British Columbia contextualizing biodiversity in the Fraser River Delta
Biodiversity surveys of the Nyungwe Forest Reserve in S.W. Rwanda /
bioeconomics of marine reserves : a selected review with policy implications /
Biogeography, community structure, and biological habitat types of subtidal reefs on the South Island West Coast, New Zealand /
Biologia acuatica / - 1982 to present
Biological assessment of small streams in the Coast Range ecoregion and the Yakima River basin /
biological assessment of the central Truong Son landscape /
Biological confinement of genetically engineered organisms /
Biological smoke detectors : a toxicology primer for student inquiry / - PDF version
Biological smoke detectors : a toxicology primer for student inquiry / - HTML version
Biological variables for the site survey of surface ecosystems : existing data and survey methods /
Biology and phylogeny of the Cassidinae Gyllenhal sensu lato (tortoise and leaf-mining beetles) (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae) /
The biological account and these phylogenetic results provide an opportunity for identifying some general trends and major innovations in the evolutionary history of Cassidinae. The alteration of the adult head from prognathy to hypognathy and the compaction of the body, legs, and various elytral-locking mechanisms are recurrent themes in adult morphology. Maternal care may have arisen once or twice. Seven trophic guilds are defined here for cassidine larvae. They arise from two large radiations of leaf-mining and exophagous-feeding, a minor radiation in cryptic rolled-leaf feeding, and small generic and sub-generic specializations in stem mining, leaf scraping, petalophagy, and leaf-shelter chewers. Fecal shield construction and retention appear to be correlated with innovations in life history and in larval and pupal morphology, and they may have played an important role in cassidine diversification
biosphere at Forsmark : data, assumptions, and models used in the SR-Can assessment /
biota of the Baldwin Hills : an ecological assessment /
Biotech branches out a look at the opportunities and impacts of forest biotechnology
Biotic invasions causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control /
Bioturbation in different ecosystems at Forsmark and Oskarshamn /
Bongil Bongil National Park plan of management
Botanicus digital library
This web site features digitized volumes from the Missouri Botanical Garden Library's Rare Book collection
Braided river ecology : a literature review of physical habitats and aquatic invertebrate communities /
A braided river is one that, over some part of its length, flows in multiple, mobile channels across a gravel floodplain. In New Zealand, many braided rivers remain in a relatively unmodified condition, but increasing demands for hydro-electricity generation, irrigation, gravel extraction and flood protection works are placing pressure on these systems. However, apart from a limited number of studies on the ecology of individual species or reaches, there has been little coordinated ecological research to assess the overall values and function of braided river ecosystems in New Zealand. This review summarises the international and New Zealand literature on braided rivers, with particular emphasis on benthic invertebrate ecology. Braided rivers typically experience short-term channel migration within the active bed and greater lateral channel migration across the entire floodplain in the longer term. Channel migration occurs because steep headwater tributaries supply highly variable discharges and mobile erodable substrates to the mainstem. Braided rivers typically possess extended floodplains, which may contain a mosaic of floodplain habitats ranging from highly unstable main-stem channels to stable spring complexes. Main channel aquatic invertebrate communities are frequently low in diversity and dominated by the leptophlebiid mayfly Deleatidium spp., but also chironomids and elmid beetles. In contrast, floodplain springs can have highly diverse communities rich in amphipods, mayflies, caddis, snails and chironomids. Groundwater and floodplain pond habitats also occur frequently and can contain several specialist taxa. Braided rivers and their floodplains are spatially complex, temporally dynamic habitats with high landscape- and reach-scale biodiversity values. The challenge facing managers is to protect this biodiversity within the context of increasing human demands on the rivers. This report highlights the particular threats and management issues associated with braided rivers in New Zealand and identifies areas where future research is required
Braincase of the Upper Devonian shark Cladodoides wildungensis (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii), with observations on the braincase in early chondrichthyans /
British Columbia grasslands monitoring vegetation change / - pt. 1
British Columbia grasslands monitoring vegetation change / - pt. 2
Budderoo National Park, Macquarie Pass National Park, Barren Grounds Nature Reserve, and Robertson Nature Reserve plan of management
California State Lands Commission report on commercial vessel fouling in California analysis, evaluation, and recommendations to reduce nonindigenous species release from the non-ballast water vector /
Canada's aquatic environments
This site contain a wealth of information, from overviews of plants, animals, and their habitats, to the researchers who investigate their interactions, and the legislation regarding their exploitation by man
Carbon pools and fluxes as an indicator of riparian restoration
Riparian forests are integral components of the landscape. The inherent biogeochemical processes that occur in such forests provide numerous benefits to wildlife and society. Maintaining good water quality is a major benefit from riparian forests and therefore, the maintenance, creation, or restoration of riparian forests is indispensable. This study was designed to broaden current knowledge of the complex, interrelated biogeochemical processes and determine indices for riparian forest restoration based on the various carbon pools/fluxes that may represent restoration success. This study was implemented on the Savannah River Site, an Environmental Research Park, where several riparian forests are recovering from thermal disturbances. The streams in these forests were subjected to thermal discharges that increased flows and resulted in removal of soil and a decline in the amount of woody vegetation. The differential amount of inputs could affect forest productivity. However, in these riparian forests, a distance gradient effect was not observed. Trends in herbaceous biomass were evident along a microtopographic moisture gradient. The ridge and swale microtopography prevalent in the younger riparian forests counteracted a distance from the stream channel gradient effect across the riparian forest. This study provided knowledge of how carbon pools and fluxes change with riparian forest recovery from disturbance as well as through different seral stages. Implementing the findings of this study will enhance restoration evaluation efforts to ensure that these areas continue to provide the numerous benefits gleamed from them
Caring for natural environments : a biodiversity action plan for Saskatchewan's future, 2004-2009
Cascading effects of fire exclusion in Rocky Mountain ecosystems a literature review /
Cephalopods from the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary interval on the Atlantic Coastal Plain, with a description of the highest ammonite zones in North America - pt.1
Cephalopods from the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary interval on the Atlantic Coastal Plain, with a description of the highest ammonite zones in North America - pt.2
Cephalopods from the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary interval on the Atlantic Coastal Plain, with a description of the highest ammonite zones in North America - pt.3
Challenges and risks of genetically engineered organisms - UW restricted UW restricted - (SourceOECD)
Characteristics of mixed-oak forest ecosystems in Southern Ohio prior to the reintroduction of fire /
Characterization and analysis of mating systems
Checklist and bibliography of the Amphisbaenia of the world /
Chemistry of precipitation, streamwater, and lakewater from the Hubbard Brook ecosystem study : a record of sampling protocols and analytical procedures /
Children, nature, and the urban environment : proceedings of a symposium-fair - Pages 1-74
Chowilla floodplain (including Lindsay-Wallpolla) : icon site environmental management plan 2006-2007
Chromium hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates : a synoptic review /
CITES-listed species database
The database contains the scientific names of all species currently or previously listed in CITES Appendices I, II or III with the exception of Appendix-II Orchidaceae, for which the data are only partially complete. Hybrid generic names of Cactaceae and Orchidaceae are not included. English, French, and Spanish common names are included where available. Some synonyms of scientific and common names are also listed but no attempt has been made to make these comprehensive. Two species of Psittaciformes not listed in the CITES Appendices are included for information: Melopsittacus undulatus and Nymphicus hollandicus; these are the only species in this large order not covered by CITES provisions
Classification of wetlands and deepwater habitats of the United States /
Classification of wetlands and deepwater habitats of the United States /
Classification, natural history, and evolution of the genus Aphelocerus Kirsch (Coleoptera:Cleridae:Clerinae) /
Classifying species according to threat of extinction : a system for New Zealand /
Classifying species according to threat of extinction : a system for New Zealand /
Coastal and marine ecosystems & global climate change potential effects on U.S. resources /
Coastal floodplain management in eastern Australia : barriers to fish and invertebrate recruitment in acid sulphate soil catchments /
"The overall aim of the initiative was to investigate ways of modifying existing floodplain use to improve or enhance (i) water quality, (ii) drainage of acid sulphate affected ares, and (iii) access to aquatic habitats for fish, without undue detrimental impacts to agricultural productivity or flood management of coastal river floodplains in areas of northern NSW and southern Qld that are affected by acid sulphate soil run-off"--P. 11
Collation of data for ecosystem modelling of Te Tapuwae o Rongokako Marine Reserve /
In New Zealand, our understanding of coastal marine ecosystems is surprisingly limited. Ecosystem models that link all species in a food web via energy transfer can be valuable tools for increasing our understanding of these ecosystems. We present the data required to build a balanced ecosystem model for the coastal marine region surrounding and including Te Tapuwae o Rongokako Marine Reserve, near Gisborne, New Zealand. We consolidate species into 22 groups and discuss them in detail, presenting additional information for subgroups and individual species as available. We review the literature and field data used to estimate values for each group as well as for the system as a whole. We also outline how we defined the spatial extent of many groups. For each group, we discuss the variability within estimates of four main data types (biomass, production rates, consumption rates and diet preferences) and we outline different ways to estimate diet composition to maximise the realism of such models. We are relatively confident that the data presented here accurately represent the structure and function of the ecosystem. However, there are many groups for which better information would improve model reliability. Therefore, we should aim to fill these knowledge gaps in the future, to better inform ecosystem models for coastal marine systems
Community composition and structure of shallow subtidal reefs in northeastern New Zealand / - pages 1-22
Community composition and structure of shallow subtidal reefs in northeastern New Zealand / - pages 23-43
Community composition and structure of shallow subtidal reefs in northeastern New Zealand / - pages 44-65
Community-level effects of fragmentation of the afromontane grassland in the escarpment region of Mpumalanga, South Africa
comparative study of the flora and fauna of exotic pine plantations and adjacent, indigenous eucalypt forests in Gippsland, Victoria
compleat cladist : a primer of phylogenetic procedures /
complete work of Charles Darwin online
This site contains Darwin's complete publications and many of his handwritten manuscripts. There are over 50,000 searchable text pages and 40,000 images. There is also a large Darwin bibliography and manuscript catalogue. More than 150 ancillary texts are included, ranging from reference works to reviews, obituaries, descriptions of the Beagle specimens and related works for understanding Darwin's context. Free audio mp3 versions of his works are also available
Connecting biodiversity and climate change mitigation and adaptation : report of the second Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Biodiversity and Climate Change
Consequences to threatened plants and insects of fragmentation of Southland floodplain forests /
Conservation and the delivery of ecosystem services : a literature review /
Ecosystem services are the benefits people obtain from ecosystems, such as clean air, fresh water, and the pollination of crops. The aim of this literature review was to find empirical data illustrating the ways in which conservation land and conservation management activities affect ecosystem services. The widely-held belief that natural ecosystems--such as those found on conservation land in New Zealand--provide a range of ecosystem services is generally supported by the literature. International studies show that natural vegetation can decrease air pollution, regulate local air temperatures, improve water quality, reduce shallow soil erosion, and retain natural nutrient cycles. It can also be beneficial for pest control and pollination on agricultural land. Wetlands can improve water quality and can play a role in drought and flood mitigation. Seagrasses, saltmarsh vegetation, and mangroves can reduce the height and force of waves and play a role in flood protection. In addition, maintaining biodiversity preserves genetic libraries and future options for discoveries of valuable biological compounds. The few studies investigating the effects of conservation management activities on ecosystem services indicate that restoring vegetation can improve water quality and water storage functions, can reverse soil degradation on a local scale, and can restore plant-insect interactions. Additionally, removing some invasive plant species can increase water yield. Unfortunately, very few studies of ecosystem services have been conducted in New Zealand to date, and only some of the international results are likely to be applicable under New Zealand conditions. Accordingly, while conservation is probably beneficial for a range of ecosystem services in New Zealand, the scarcity of local data makes it difficult to ascertain where and when, and to what extent, the majority of those benefits transpire
Conservation guidelines for the management of wild river values
Conservation values and management of the Kongahu Swamp, Buller District
Kongahu Swamp is now a highly modified system, with a mosaic of vegetation types ranging from near pristine to highly degraded. Management options are explored
Conserving biodiversity on military lands a handbook for natural resources managers /
construction, aesthetics, and effects of lakeshore development : a literature review / - Wisconsin DNR site
construction, aesthetics, and effects of lakeshore development : a literature review / - Univ. of Wisconsin site
Constructivism in practice : the case for meaning-making in the virtual world /
Convention on Migratory Species
Coral reefs & global climate change potential contributions of climate change to stresses on coral reef ecosystems /
coralline red algal herbarium of Mikael Foslie : revised catalogue with analyses /
critique of IFIM : instream habitat simulation in the New Zealand context /
Cross-roads of life on Earth : exploring means to meet the 2010 Biodiversity Target : solution-oriented scenarios for Global biodiversity outlook 2 /
The reader should be aware that this study is not meant to predict the future but to explore the major contributions of various currently debated policy options. Not all the possible measures or their combinations were assessed, and inland waters and marine ecosystems have not been considered. In all calculations agricultural productivity has been optimistically estimated. Less optimistic trends would correspond to an additional biodiversity loss of several percent. Increase in agricultural productivity will therefore be a key factor in reducing biodiversity loss in the future. We stress that option effects in terms of direction and relative magnitude are more robust than the absolute baseline trend
Cross-sectoral toolkit for the conservation and sustainable management of forest biodiversity
Cruise control a report on how cruise ships affect the marine environment /
cynipoid genus Paramblynotus : revision, phylogeny, and historical biogeography (Hymenoptera:Liopteridae) /
Darwin Correspondence Project
"Exists to publish the definitive edition of letters to and from Charles Darwin ... When complete, the series will comprise approximately 30 volumes."
Darwin digital library of evolution
Based at the American Museum of Natural History Library, the goal of the Darwin Digital Library of Evolution is to make the full literature of evolution available online within a historically and topically coherent structure, drawing on resources of members of the Biodiversity Heritage Library Consortium and contributions from the Natural History Museum (London) and the Missouri Botanical Garden
Database for chemical contents of streams on the White Mountain National Forest
Defining common ground for the Mesoamerican biological corridor /
Describing ecosystems in the field /
Describing ecosystems in the field /
design & monitoring of marine reserves /
Design guideline for the reintroduction of wood into Australian streams
Desired future conditions of riparian areas on southeastern national forests
Finally, I designed, tested, and evaluated a public involvement process that identified public values for use in the development of DFCs for riparian areas on the Jefferson National Forest. I used a combination of alternative dispute resolution techniques and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), a participatory decision-making tool. I used surveys before and after the riparian meetings to evaluate the effectiveness of the public involvement process. Survey respondents generally were middle-aged, well-educated, high-income males who were long-time residents of the area. Riparian meeting participants indicated that the DFC for riparian areas on the JNF should strongly emphasize water quality and quantity, protection of riparian-dependent species and their habitats, and maintenance of the integrity of the relationship between riparian areas and the surrounding environment. Participants indicated recreational and commodity uses of riparian areas could occur as long as they did not negatively affect the other, more highly valued characteristics of riparian areas. Participants felt that the meetings were fair, that diverse interests were represented, that they had enough information to participate in the process, and that it was a wise use of their time
Detection and preliminary evaluation of natural enemies for possible biological control of the northern Pacific seastar, Asterias amurensis /
Detection of human-induced stress in streams : comparison of bioassessment approaches using macroinvertebrates /
Detroit River, Michigan : an ecological profile /
Diazinon hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates : a synoptic review /
Discover wetlands : a curriculum guide / - Rev. July 1995 ed.
Dissolved oxygen measurements in Oakland Bay (Mason County) /
Distribution and biology of the introduced gastropod, Maoricolpus roseus (Quoy and Gamard, 1834) (Caenogastropoda:Turritellidae) in Australia
distribution and zonation of intertidal organisms of rocky coasts in south eastern Australia
The intertidal flora and fauna of southeastern Australia (Robe, South Australia to southern New South Wales, including Tasmania) is described in terms of its horizontal and vertical distribution. A detailed account of intertidal zonation, on the central Victorian coast and Bass Strait islands, is included. Environmental features are discussed and sea temperature data for Pt. Lonsdale is presented. Analysis of the marine flora in southeastern Australia suggests that the concept of separate biogeographic provinces in this region is invalid and the flora is best interpreted as a continuum
diversity of the seas : a regional approach /
Duwamish River coastal America restoration and reference sites : results from 1997 monitoring studies /
Ecological assessment of the Boreal Shield Ecozone /
Ecological effects of fishing in marine ecosystems of the United States
Ecological genomics the application of genomic sciences to understanding the structure and function of marine ecosystems : report of a Workshop on Marine Microbial Genomics to Develop Recommendations for the National Science Foundation, April 19-20,
Ecological issues in floodplains and riparian corridors /
Ecological regions of North America toward a common perspective
This volume represents a first attempt at holistically classifying and mapping ecological regions across all three countries of the North American continent. A common analytical methodology is used to examine North American ecology at multiple scales, from large continental ecosystems to subdivisions of these that correlate more detailed physical and biological settings with human activities on two levels of successively smaller units. The volume begins with an overview of North America from an ecological perspective, concepts of ecological regionalization. This is followed by descriptions of the 15 broad ecological regions, including information on physical and biological setting and human activities. The final section presents case studies in applications of the ecological characterization methodology to environmental issues. The appendix includes a list of common and scientific names of selected species characteristic of the ecological regions
ecological role of coarse woody debris : an overview of the ecological importance of CWD in BC forests /
Ecological subregion codes by county, coterminous United States /
Ecological subregions of California section & subsection descriptions /
Ecological subregions of California section & subsection descriptions /
Ecology and management of northern hardwood forests in New England /
ecology of hydric hammocks : a community profile /
ecology of San Francisco Bay tidal marshes : a community profile /
ecology of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta : a community profile /
Ecology, management, and research on Mokoia Island, Lake Rotorua, New Zealand : an abstract list and annotated bibliography /
economic value of wetlands : wetlands' role in flood protection in western Washington/
Economics of marine protected areas : papers, discussions, and issues : a conference held at the UBC Fisheries Centre, July 2000 /
Ecosystem change and the decline of marine mammals the eastern Bering Sea : testing the ecosystem shift and commercial whaling hypotheses /
Ecosystem functioning and plant-soil interactions in forests : influences of quality and diversity of resources /
Ecosystem modelling in the Forsmark area : proceedings from two workshops modelling Eckarfjarden and Bolundsfjarden catchment areas /
Ecosystem models of Newfoundland and southeastern Labrador : additional information and analyses for "Back to the Future" /
ecosystem models used for dose assessments in SR-Can /
Ecosystem services benefits supplied to human societies by natural ecosystems /
Ecosystem simulations of the English Channel : climate and trade-offs /
Ecosystem-based conservation strategy for central Otago's saline patches /
Ecosystems in British Columbia at risk
Ecosystems of British Columbia /
ecozone classification for lakes and streams of British Columbia
Edge effects in a lowland temperate New Zealand rainforest /
Effectiveness monitoring for fecal coliform total maximum daily loads in Pipers Creek /
effectiveness of the brochure "Garden escapes" /
effectiveness of wildlife corridors in facilitating connectivity assessment of a model system from the Australian wet tropics /
Effects of aquaculture on world fish supplies
effects of artificial sources of water on rangeland biodiversity : final report to the Biodiversity Convention and Strategy Section of the Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia /
Effects of bottom fishing on Georges Bank
In order to gain a better understanding of how bottom fishing impacts benthic organisms, a team of researchers from the University of Rhode Island's Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) set out in 1994 to survey the benthic megafaunal community of Georges Bank. This project's study area was confined to the gravel habitat that straddles the boundary between the U.S. and Canadian exclusive economic zones (EEZs). This area was selected because previous research has indicated that it serves as an important nursery for juvenile cod (Gadus morhua) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus). Within this region, trawl marks appearing in side scan sonar images were counted in order to identify sites with different levels of bottom fishing disturbance. Based on this information, six study sites were pinpointed and classified as either "disturbed" or "undisturbed." At these sites, benthic dredge samples have been collected on a nearly annual basis. In addition, photographs and videos of the sea floor have been recorded using the SEABOSS system, remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), and manned submersibles. Data from this project have revealed significant differences between disturbed and undisturbed sites in terms of abundance, biomass, species diversity, and benthic community structure. In December 1994, three large sections of Georges Bank, comprising an area of 17,000 km2, were closed to all types of fishing gear capable of retaining groundfish. Since one of our most disturbed study sites was located within a closed area, this event provided a unique opportunity to investigate the changes that occur as a benthic ecosystem recovers from chronic fishing impacts
Effects of fire on threatened and endangered plants an annotated bibliography /
Effects of mixing depth, turbulent diffusion, and nutrient enrichment on enclosed marine plankton communities
Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve : management plan, 2006-2013
Emerging issues for biodiversity conservation in a changing climate : abstracts of poster presentations at the 12th Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical, and Technological Advice of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2-6 July 2007
Encyclopedia of evolution - UW restricted UW restricted
Consists of a comprehensive guide to the essentials of evolutionary biology that surveys essential concepts and theories, presents methods, models and findings, and discusses both the history of the field and current controversies. Includes brief treatments on discrete concepts and individuals, as well as lengthy essays. Covers topics such as Darwin, natural selection, human origins, behavioral ecology, diversity, mathematical models, and cell and developmental biology
Endangered ecosystems of the United States : a preliminary assessment of loss and degradation /
Endangered species in endangered spaces
Provides information on some of the rare and endangered plants and animals in the Thompson-Okanagan region of British Columbia. Provides access to museum information, digitized pictures and maps, plus lesson plans compatible with the high school curriculum
Enfoque por ecosistemas
Environmental effects associated with snow grooming and skiing at Treble Cone Ski Field / - Title page and table of contents
Environmental effects associated with snow grooming and skiing at Treble Cone Ski Field / - Part 1
Environmental effects associated with snow grooming and skiing at Treble Cone Ski Field / - Part 2
Environmental status of the European seas
Environmental water requirements to maintain groundwater dependent ecosystems /
Environmental water requirements to maintain wetlands of national and international importance /
EPBC Act policy statement 3.7, nationally threatened species and ecological communities : peppermint box (Eucalyptus odorata) grassy woodland of South Australia and iron-grass natural temperate grassland of South Australia
Establishing long-term changes in takahe winter feeding grounds in Fiordland using pollen analysis /
Estuarine eutrophication models /
Estuarine health assessment using benthic macrofauna /
Ethics, biodiversity, and new natural products development
EUNIS welcome to EUNIS biodiversity database, find species, habitats, and sites across Europe
EUNIS consists of information on European species, habitats, and sites. The species section contains information about more than 275 000 taxa. The habitat types classification is a comprehensive pan-European harmonized description and collection of data across Europe through the use of criteria for habitat identification; it covers all types of habitats from natural to artificial, from terrestrial to freshwater and marine. The sites section contains information collected from various databases regarding protected areas and other sites of interest for biodiversity and nature protection
European register of marine species
A register of marine species in Europe which, when completed, will be linked with a bibliography of identification guides, registers of taxonomic experts and locations of collections of reference specimens, and an information pack on European marine biodiversity
Eutrophication in the Baltic Sea : an integrated thematic assessment of the effects of nutrient enrichment in the Baltic Sea region /
Evaluating methods for the Protected Natural Areas Programme /
Evaluating the effectiveness of habitat reconstruction in rivers
Evaluation of biodiversity publications : a survey of users /
evaluation of the effectiveness of environmental surrogates and modelling techniques in predicting the distribution of biological diversity
exotic species detection program for Puget Sound
exploration of tools and methodologies for valuation of biodiversity and biodiversity resources and functions
Exploring wetlands stewardship : a reference guide for assisting Washington landowners /
Facilitating community-based conservation initiatives /
Facilitating conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity abstracts of poster presentations on protected areas and technology transfer and cooperation at the Ninth Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical, and Technological Adv
Factors causing dune ephemeral wetlands to be vulnerable to weed invasion /
Ephemeral wetlands are characterised by seasonal fluctuations in water level, with alternating wet and dry periods. The resulting indigenous vegetation is low in stature, making these wetlands vulnerable to alien weed invasion, and many ephemeral wetland plants are now uncommon or endangered. This study investigated soil nutrients and hydrology as potential influences on the susceptibility of dune ephemeral wetlands to weed invasion. Study sites were selected in dune systems on the Pouto Peninsula, Northland, and at Hawkens Lagoon and Whitiau near Wanganui, North Island, New Zealand. At these sites, soils and vegetation were sampled and water tables measured to establish water level fluctuation patterns. Transects were established and vegetation type and percentage weed cover on them were measured on three occasions from 2002 to 2005. Soil nutrient levels did not appear to influence the distribution of alien weed species. The cover of alien species did not increase at Pouto sites over the three monitoring years. However, the Wanganui sites progressively became weedier, and taller indigenous vegetation displaced low-stature turf communities. Weed invasion appears to be promoted by a combination of altered hydrology reducing both the water level and the extremes of wet-dry fluctuations, along with stabilised dunes that restrict the dynamic sand movement that creates and destroys these ephemeral wetland areas. Management options include maintaining natural dune processes which ensure that the conditions for creating new ephemeral wetland areas continue, surveillance for and removal of invasive weed species and, at sites where dunes have been stabilised, removal of taller alien and indigenous vegetation by mechanical methods, grazing or selective herbicides
Fair deals in the search for new natural products
fertile fjord : plankton in Puget Sound /
field guide for identification and interpretation of ecosystems of the northeast portion of the Prince George Forest Region /
field guide for identification and interpretation of ecosystems of the northwest portion of the Prince George Forest Region /
field guide for identification and interpretation of ecosystems of the Rocky Mountain Trench, Prince George Forest Region
field guide for identification and interpretation of seral aspen ecosystems of the BWBSc1, Prince George Forest Region /
field guide for identification and interpretation of the coastal western hemlock zone, northern drier maritime subzone (CWHf), in the Prince Rupert Forest Region /
Field guide for identification and interpretation of the Engelmann spruce-subalpine fir zone in the Prince Rupert Forest Region, British Columbia /
field guide for identification and interpretation of the sub-boreal spruce zone in the Prince Rupert Forest Region
field guide for site identification and interpretation for the northern Rockies portion of the Prince George Forest Region
field guide to site identification and interpretation for the Vancouver Forest Region /
Field guides
A searchable database and field guide featuring over 5,500 plants and animals of North America. The site's core content of wildlife information is the same data set used to create the printed Audubon field guides
Field manual for describing terrestrial ecosystems
Handbook on the procedures for ecological surveys in British Columbia, issued by the Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks and the Ministry of Forests
Field manual of wildlife diseases general field procedures and diseases of birds /
Field methods and statistical analyses for monitoring small salmonid streams /
Field study, Lao PDR Nam Et and Phou Loei national biodiversity conservation areas
Field testing the Wisconsin depressional wetland macroinvertebrate and plant indices of biological integrity for application by trained volunteers /
Fire and biodiversity : the effects and effectiveness of fire management :
Fire and the environment : ecological and cultural perspectives : proceedings of an international symposium, Knoxville, Tennessee, March 20-24, 1990 /
Fire ecology of western Montana forest habitat types /
Fire effects information system
FEIS provides up-to-date information about fire effects on plants and animals. It was developed at the United States Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory in Missoula, Montana. The database contains literature reviews, taken from current English-language literature of about 900 plant species, 7 lichen species, about 100 wildlife species and 10 research project summaries, and 16 Kuchler plant communities of North America
Fire in south Florida ecosystems /
FireWorks curriculum : featuring ponderosa, lodgepole, and whitebark pine forests /
Fish histopathology damage assessment after the Exxon Valdez oil spill /
Fisheries impacts on marine ecosystems and biological diversity the role for marine protected areas in British Columbia /
Fisheries impacts on North Atlantic ecosystems : evaluations and policy exploration /
Flow summary for gaging stations on the Stillaguamish River and selected tributaries : May through October 2001 /
Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary a rapid assessment of coral, fish, and algae using the AGRRA protocol /
focal-species approach to biodiversity management in Nova Scotia
Forest biodiversity maintenance : instruments and indicators in the policy implementation /
Forest Creeks Research Natural Area : guidebook supplement 39 /
This guidebook describes Forest Creeks Research Natural Area, a 164-ha (405-ac) area comprising two geographically distinct canyons and associated drainages. The two units have been established as examples of first- to third-order streams originating within a ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) zone. The two riparian areas also represent examples of the mountain alder-redosier dogwood (Alnus incana-Cornus sericea ssp. sericea), and the redosier dogwood-mockorange (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea-Philadelphus lewisii) plant associations
Forest landscape restoration in Central and Northern Europe
Forest resilience, biodiversity, and climate change : a synthesis of the biodiversity/resilience/stability relationship in forest ecosystems /
Forest roads : a synthesis of scientific information /
Effects of roads in forested ecosystems span direct physical and ecological ones (such as geomorphic and hydrologic effects), indirect and landscape level ones (such as effects on aquatic habitat, terrestrial vertebrates, and biodiversity conservation), and socioeconomic ones (such as passive-use value, economic effects on development and range management). Road effects take place in the contexts of environmental settings, their history, and the state of engineering practices, and must be evaluated in those contexts for best management approaches.
Forsmark site investigation : programme for long-term observations of geosphere and biosphere after completed site investigations /
FRAGSTATS : spatial pattern analysis program for quantifying landscape structure /
framework for ecosystem management in the interior Columbia Basin and portions of the Klamath and Great Basins
From science to management and back : a science forum for southern interior ecosystems of British Columbia /
From the forest to the sea : a story of fallen trees /
From the Rio to the Sierra an environmental history of the middle Rio Grande Basin /
Frontiers in polar biology in the genomic era /
Function, design, and establishment of riparian forest buffers a review /
Through the interaction of their soils, hydrology, and biotic communities, riparian forests protect and improve water quality, provide habitat for plants and animals, support aquatic communities, and provide many benefits to humans. Virginia, along with other states in the Chesapeake Bay region, has recognized the importance of riparian forests by implementing a plan to restore forested buffers along streams, rivers, and lakes. This project reviews selected literature on riparian forest buffers, including water quality functions, benefits to fish and wildlife, and human benefits. The review also discusses riparian buffer restoration and some of the costs and barriers associated with riparian forest buffer establishment. Information on financial and technical assistance programs available to Virginia landowners is included
Future fish issues in science and regulation of transgenic fish : a report /
GENE-TOX--Genetic toxicology (mutagenicity) data
Genetic toxicology from the scientific literature for over 3000 chemicals. Searchable through TOXNET's Toxicology data search
genera of Diapriinae (Hymenoptera, Diapriidae) in the New World /
general status of Alberta wild species, 2005
generic-level revision of the spider subfamily Coelotinae (Araneae, Amaurobiidae) /
Genetic discrimination of Prince William Sound herring populations /
Geographically isolated wetlands a preliminary assessment of their characteristics and status in selected areas of the United States /
geological record of ecological dynamics : understanding the biotic effects of future environmental change /
Georgia Basin-Puget Sound : ecosystem indicators report
Global biodiversity outlook 2 /
Global biodiversity outlook 3
Grande Ronde model watershed ecosystem diagnosis and treatment template for planning status report for Grande Ronde model watershed project and progress report on the application of an ecosystem analysis method to the Grande Ronde Watershed using spring
Grasslands ecosystems, endangered species, and sustainable ranching in the Mexico-U.S. borderlands : conference proceedings = Ecosistemas de pastizales, especies en peligro y ganaderia sostenible en tierras fronterizas de Mexico-Estados Unidos : conferen
Grasslands toward a North American conservation strategy /
Great Australian Bight Marine Park (Commonwealth Waters) : management plan, 2005-2012 /
Greater Wellington's riparian management strategy /
Grizzly bear and black bear ecology
Ground-based photographic monitoring /
Groundwater quality in the Agnew and Carlsborg area, Clallam County, December 2000-September 2002 /
Groundwater/surface water interactions in the Upper Sammamish River : a preliminary analysis /
Guide to the Global Taxonomy Initiative
Guidelines for developing freshwater wetlands mitigation plans and proposals /
Guidelines for mainstreaming gender into national biodiversity strategies and action plans
Guidelines for marine protected areas
Guidelines for the conservation and restoration of seagrasses in the United States and adjacent waters /
Guidelines for the rapid ecological assessment of biodiversity in inland water, coastal, and marine areas - CBD site
Guidelines for the rapid ecological assessment of biodiversity in inland water, coastal, and marine areas - Ramsar site
Habitat conservation plans working together for endangered species /
Habitat diversity in uneven-aged northern hardwood stands : a case study /
Habitat suitability index models
Habitat suitability index models. Inland silverside /
Habitat suitability index models. Introduction /
Heard Island and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve management plan /
High mountain lake research natural areas in Idaho
High mountain lakes in Idaho total about 1800 and represent one of the most pristine type ecosystems in the country. Limnological characteristics are described for 27 lakes and 20 ponds in 32 established and proposed Research Natural Areas (RNA) representing seven subregions in the state. Field collections were made from the 1960s through 1999 by different researchers. Even though data about some of these lakes is not currently available, the databases can be updated as research continues. A classification is developed to include elevation, size, depth, production potential and lake origin. Additional information that describes the sites is pH, rock type and hydrology. Aquatic plants, zooplankton, immature aquatic insects and cold water vertebrates inhabiting the water bodies are described. The classification can be applied to gap analysis to identify missing or under-represented natural area types. Future research efforts can focus on covering the gaps and bringing more high mountain lakes into the RNA system
History of wetlands in the conterminous United States
History, science, the law, and watershed recovery in the Grande Ronde : a case study /
How long should marine reserves be monitored for and why? /
Human alteration of the global nitrogen cycle : causes and consequences /
Human-mediated pathways of spread for non-indigenous marine species in New Zealand /
Knowledge of human-mediated transport pathways for non-indigenous marine species (NIMS) to and around New Zealand is important for understanding and managing bioinvasion risks to high-value areas (HVAs). This document describes potential pathways for the spread of NIMS to areas of high conservation value, based on a preliminary list of such localities. This list includes HVAs that are geographically spread throughout New Zealand and vary in size from small discrete areas (e.g. small marine reserves) to expansive regions of coastline (e.g. Fiordland and Stewart Island/Rakiura). Similarly, HVAs range from remote offshore islands to localities close to centres of human activity (e.g. international ports), which may be vulnerable to the natural spread of pest organisms. Vessel traffic and aquaculture activites are highlighted as important pathways for the human-mediated spread of potential pest species. In relation to conservation areas, vessel traffic appears to be of particular significance, with three major mechanisms for the potential transfer of pest organisms: ballast water, hull fouling and sea chests (water-intake recesses in the hull). While ballast water is widely considered as the major present-day mechanism for the global dispersal of NIMS, hull fouling is likely to be particularly important for translocation within New Zealand and may be significant even at local scales. Vessel sea chests can harbour a range of NIMS, including adult life-stages, and are a potential mechanism for the spread of pest organisms directly from infested international source regions to high-value conservation areas around the New Zealand coast. There is a variety of other actual and potential pathways that may be important in the spread of marine pests to and around New Zealand. However, reliable and sufficiently detailed information for many pathways is difficult to obtain, even at a regional scale. This suggests that future effort needs to concentrate on identifying pathways that are of greatest importance in the transfer of NIMS, using a structured, risk-based approach
Hur behandlas biologisk mangfald i MKB? /
Hydric hammocks a guide to management /
Identification and interpretation of ecosystems of the western Kamloops Forest Region /
Identification of ecologically and biologically significant areas
Identifying and protecting rivers of high ecological value
Identifying freshwater ecosystems of national importance for biodiversity : criteria, methods, and candidate list of nationally important rivers / - Pages 1-24
Identifying freshwater ecosystems of national importance for biodiversity : criteria, methods, and candidate list of nationally important rivers / - Pages 25-51
Identifying freshwater ecosystems of national importance for biodiversity : criteria, methods, and candidate list of nationally important rivers / - Pages 52-63
Identifying freshwater ecosystems of national importance for biodiversity : criteria, methods, and candidate list of nationally important rivers / - Pages 64-75
Identifying freshwater ecosystems of national importance for biodiversity : criteria, methods, and candidate list of nationally important rivers / - Pages 76-87
Identifying freshwater ecosystems of national importance for biodiversity : criteria, methods, and candidate list of nationally important rivers / - Pages 88-99
Identifying freshwater ecosystems of national importance for biodiversity : criteria, methods, and candidate list of nationally important rivers / - Pages 100-112
Identifying freshwater ecosystems with nationally important natural heritage values : development of a biogeographic framework /
This report describes a biogeographic classification for use in identifying water bodies of national importance in New Zealand. The classification aims to identify geographic units likely to have experienced similar physical disturbance regimes, while taking cognisance of potential recolonisation pathways and/or geographic barriers to the dispersal of freshwater biota. The classification is based on: biotic distributions, particularly those of non-diadromous fish (the New Zealand Freshwater Fish Database); genetic similarity between different populations, as determined from molecular analyses; and physical disturbances, particularly the Last Glacial Maximum, volcanic eruptions in the central North Island and seismic activity, especially in mountainous parts of the South Island. Seven biogeographic provinces and 19 units have been defined
Impacts of atmospheric pollution on aquatic ecosystems
Impacts of climate change on carbon and nitrogen cycles in boreal forest ecosystems /
An economic estimation of the net value of carbon sink capacity was also performed. The value of the carbon sink was given in relation to conservative estimates of total net values of important stocks and flows of forest natural capital--factors such as recreational values or hydrological services omitted. The net value of the carbon sink was suggested to amount to 3-50% of the net value of Swedish forests
Impacts of forest harvesting on lake ecosystems : a preliminary literature review /
Impacts of human-caused fires on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, and their causes in tropical, temperate, and boreal forest biomes
Impacts of trawling and scallop dredging on benthic habitats and communities /
Over the last two decades, concerns about the impact of towed fishing gears such as trawls and dredges on benthic habitats and organisms have increased. This publication reviews the most recent experimental studies of the impact of towed fishing gears on benthic communities. Otter trawls, beam trawls and scallop dredges are likely to have different physical impacts on the sea bed owing to their different catching techniques. The most noticeable physical effect of otter trawling is the furrow created by the doors. Beam trawling and scallop dredging cause a flattening of irregular bottom topography by eliminating natural features. The long-term effects of fishing activities have not been investigated although several studies provide clear evidence of short-term consequences. The difficulty in conducting impact studies that produce clear conclusions stems mainly from the complexity and natural variability of benthic communities
Impacts of wind farms on birds : a review /
Implications of salinity for biodiversity conservation and management
Indirect effects of marine reserve protection on New Zealand's rocky coastal marine communities /
Information supporting past and present ecosystem models of northern British Columbia and the Newfoundland shelf /
Integrated marine and coastal area management (IMCAM) approaches for implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity /
Integrated scientific assessment for ecosystem management in the interior Columbia Basin, and portions of the Klamath and Great Basins /
Integrating conservation and development at the local level co-management of the Galibi Nature Reserve, Suriname /
Integrating ecosystem sampling, gradient modeling, remote sensing, and ecosystem simulation to create spatially explicit landscape inventories
Integrating social science and ecosystem management : a national challenge : proceedings of the Conference on Integrating Social Sciences and Ecosystem Management, Helen, GA, December 12-14, 1995 /
Integrating timber and wildlife in forest landscapes : a matter of scale : proceedings of the Habitat Futures Workshop at Pack Experimental Forest, Eatonville, Washington, October 16-20, 1989 /
Interagency strategy for the Pacific Northwest Natural Areas Network /
Over the past 30 years, the Pacific Northwest Interagency Natural Areas Committee has promoted the establishment and management of natural areas in Oregon and Washington--protected areas devoted to research, education, and conservation of biodiversity. This growing collection of sites is now unmatched in its diversity and representation of both common and unique natural ecosystems found throughout this region. This strategy identifies visions, goals, and actions that can help transform this regional collection of natural areas into a network that has the resiliency to meet a growing number of challenges across five emphasis areas--inventory and designation, management, research, monitoring and data management, and education and communication. These challenges include managing for natural ecological processes over the long term, responding appropriately to threats such as climate change and invasive species, protecting the ecological integrity of sites as human use increases, promoting research and educational activities that address contemporary management issues, and communicating the importance of wildlands to a public that is growing apart from the natural world. Natural areas have the potential to serve as a critical network of sites for studying and developing regional and global approaches to conservation that meet diverse human and ecological needs, including managing for climate change
Interior Columbia basin supplemental draft environmental impact statement /
Interlinkages between biological diversity and climate change : advice on the integration of biodiversity considerations into the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol /
Intertidal and subtidal habitats of Mimiwhangata Marine Park and adjacent shelf /
Invasive marine species range mapping
Invasive species in the Pacific a technical review and draft regional strategy /
Investigations of disease factors affecting declines of Pacific herring populations in Prince William Sound /
Isotope ratio studies of marine mammals in Prince William Sound /
IUCN guidelines for re-introductions
journal of Syms Covington assistant to Charles Darwin, Esq. on the second voyage of the HMS Beagle : December 1831-September 1836 /
Keystone species : the concept and its relevance for conservation management in New Zealand /
Lake and lake-related drainage area parameters for site investigation program /
The parameters have been divided into five groups: 1) The location of the object relative important gradients in the surrounding nature; 2) The lake catchment area and its major constituents; 3) The lake morphometry; 4) The lake ecosystem; 5) Human-induced damages to the lake ecosystem. The first two groups, principally based on the climate, hydrology, geology and vegetation of the catchment area represent parameters that can be used to establish the rarity and representativity of the lake, and will in the context of site investigation program be used as a basis for generalisation of the results. The third group, the lake morphometry parameters, are standard parameters for the outline of sampling programmes and for calculations of the physical extension of different key habitats in the system. The fourth group, the ecosystem of the lake, includes physical, chemical and biological parameters required for determination of the stratification pattern, light climate, influence from the terrestrial ecosystem of the catchment area, trophic status, distribution of key habitats, and presence of fish and rare fauna and flora in the lake. In the context of site investigation program, the parameters in these two groups will be used for budget calculations of the flow of energy and material in the system. The fifth group, finally, describes the degree on anthropogenic influence on the ecosystem and will in the context of site investigation programmes be used to judge eventual malfunctionings within the entire, or parts of, the lake ecosystem. Altogether, the selected parameters will create a solid basis for determination of the lake type and its representativity of the region where it is located and of the function and eventual malfunction of the inherent ecosystem
Land use in karst terrain : review of impacts of primary activities on temperate karst ecosystems /
landowner's guide conservation of Canadian prairie grasslands /
Landscape health in Australia : a rapid assessment of the relative condition of Australia's bioregions and subregions /
Landscape indices as measures of the effects of fragmentation : can pattern reflect process? /
Landscape planning for biodiversity conservation in agricultural regions : a case study from the wheatbelt of Western Australia /
Learning to change and changing learning in environmental management a case study of the Kaw Nature Reserve in French Guiana /
Participation is a key component in socially just, successful nature conservation. Yet, participation can range from informing citizens to offering them decision-making power. Only participation that allows for an open, respectful negotiation of conservation planning and implementation opens the door to engaging, place-appropriate conservation, rather than conservation implemented by external agents with external agendas. However ecologically or socially correct these external agendas may be, collaboration by all stakeholders validates the appropriateness of conservation projects. One conservation tool is education, which typically assumes that the public lacks environmental knowledge and that information can create environmentally aware and active citizens. Often in environmental education programs, the leading organization defines the problem and goals prior to contact with the public. While education can enhance environmental literacy and open doors to environmental action, it is important to recognize the diverse knowledge and experiences of the audience so that they can contribute to successful conservation. My research was based on two connected ideas. First, collaboration among the broadest array of stakeholders requires an education model that is based on learning together, versus a one-way flow of information. Second, a useful way of beginning collaborative education is to recognize, respect and make the most of the diverse experiences, opinions and knowledge of all the stakeholders. I present a case study that focuses on the stakeholders of the Kaw Nature Reserve. This Reserve is eight years old and has been historically beset with conflict. I interviewed a diverse array of stakeholders involved with or affected by the Reserve to determine important themes regarding communication, conservation goals, and viewpoints on land use. The themes I identified can provide the groundwork to understanding the potential role of collaborative education and dialogue in this Reserve, and provide collaborative tools for participatory conservation in France and beyond. The analysis revealed four dominant themes: 1) historical, regulatory and communicative sources of conflict among the Kaw Reserve stakeholders, 2) the effect of external power relations on the Kaw village and Reserve, 3) the Atipa resource crisis, and 4) similarities among stakeholders and diversity within groups
Lehre von den geometrischen Verwandtschaften, - v.1
Lehre von den geometrischen Verwandtschaften, - v.2
Lehre von den geometrischen Verwandtschaften, - v.3
Lehre von den geometrischen Verwandtschaften, - v.4
Likely impacts of snow grooming and related activities in the west Otago ski fields /
A comprehensive review of overseas and New Zealand literature to assess the likely impacts of winter recreational activities on vegetation and soil properties on Dept. of Conservation recreational reserve land
Limnology in the Wood River Lakes /
Linking the ecological and economic values of wetlands a case study of the wetlands of Moreton Bay /
Linnean Correspondence
Transcriptions of letters by Carl Linnaeus
Listed species and populations with recovery plans as of .. - sorted by listed entity
Listed species and populations with recovery plans as of .. - sorted by plan date
Lists U.S. animal and plant species and populations that have recovery plans. Includes full text (PDF) of many of the plans and links to additional information on each species or population
living marine resources of the western central Pacific / - v.1
living marine resources of the western central Pacific / - v.2
living marine resources of the western central Pacific / - v.3
living marine resources of the western central Pacific / - v.4
living marine resources of the western central Pacific / - v.5
living marine resources of the western central Pacific / - v.6
Living planet report - 1999 to present
Local management and landscape effects on diversity of bees, wasps, and birds in urban green areas /
Local representations and management of agroforests on the periphery of Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia
Lord Howe Island Marine Park (Commonwealth Waters) management plan
Lowland native grasslands of Tasmania : a nationally threatened ecological community : Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 policy statement 3.18
Macquarie Island Marine Park : management plan, 2001-2008
Macquarie Island Marine Park management plan
Mainstreaming biodiversity : workshops on national biodiversity strategies and action plans
"As requested by the Conference of the Parties, the Working Group on the Review of Implementation of the Convention conducted an in-depth review of the state of NBSAPs [national biodiversity strategies and action plans], and developed consolidated guidance for their development, implementation and updating. Further the Secretariat has convened a series of regional and sub-regional capacity-building workshops on NBSAPs and biodiversity mainstreaming. This publication provides an overview of the results from the five workshops held in the first months of 2008 in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America, with examples of NBSAPs in each region. The cases illustrate a range of best practices in mainstreaming biodiversity, communication, monitoring and reporting. They also demonstrate that we have a highly dedicated community of stakeholders working in all regions to achieve the objectives of the Convention"--Foreword
Malaysia's national policy on biological diversity official declaration: Thursday, April 16, 1998, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia /
Management and techniques for riparian restorations : roads field guide /
Improperly constructed or maintained roads near riparian and wetland areas may degrade these valuable sites. Degradation affects many aspects of the riparian and wetland ecosystems. This field guide presents information in a practical, user friendly format to help resource managers and professionals. Well-documented evaluation and monitoring strategies are critical in riparian road restoration projects. Learning from mistakes as well as successes helps to improve and protect valuable riparian and wetland sites. This two-volume field guide covers the management and techniques for riparian restoration near roads. The field guides cover the following topics: (1) riparian area considerations, (2) monitoring, (3) planning projects, (4) laws and regulations, and (5) techniques to use in the field
Management guidelines for IUCN category V protected areas protected landscapes/seascapes /
Management recommendations for Washington's priority habitats. Riparian /
Managing for biodiversity in young Douglas-fir forests of western Oregon
Managing rivers and streams in Tasmania : a woolgrowers guide / - Main text
Managing rivers and streams in Tasmania : a woolgrowers guide / - Accompanying CD-ROM
Marine and estuarine shoreline modification issues white paper /
Marine aquaculture in the United States environmental impacts and policy options /
Marine monitoring handbook
Marine parks and protected areas a bibliography /
Marine pest incursions--a tool to predict the cost of eradication based on expert assessments
Marine protected areas with an emphasis on local communities and indigenous peoples : a review /
Marine reserves a tool for ecosystem management and conservation /
Marine riparian : an assessment of riparian functions in marine ecosystems /
Marine species survey of Johnston Atoll, central Pacific Ocean, June 2000 a report to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Area Office, Honolulu, Hawaii /
Mass-balance models of northeastern Pacific ecosystems : [proceedings of a workshop held at the Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, November 6-10, 1995 /
Measuring conservation outcomes for depleted biological assets : convergence theory and its applicability to New Zealand /
Measuring diversity : methods of assessing biological resources and local knowledge
Measuring environmental distinctiveness /
Measuring the water status of plants and soils /
"E-book from University of Delaware Library Institutional Repository."
Mercury hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates : a synoptic review /
Mermaid Reef Marine National Nature Reserve : plan of management
Methods for ecological monitoring of coral reefs a resource for managers /
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
The objective of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) was to assess the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being and the scientific basis for action needed to enhance the conservation and sustainable use of those systems and their contribution to human well-being. The MA has involved the work of more than 1,360 experts worldwide. Their findings, contained in five technical volumes and six synthesis reports, provide a state-of-the-art scientific appraisal of the condition and trends in the world's ecosystems and the services they provide (such as clean water, food, forest products, flood control, and natural resources) and the options to restore, conserve or enhance the sustainable use of ecosystems
Modeling Antarctic marine ecosystems /
Modelling carbon and water flows in terrestrial ecosystems in the boreal zone : examples from Oskarshamn /
Monitoring biodiversity : quantification and interpretation /
Monitoring coral reef marine protected areas
Monitoring wilderness stream ecosystems
Monographs of the Western North American naturalist - (Brigham Young University) 2002 to present
Moose population density and habitat productivity as drivers of ecosystem processes in northern boreal forests /
MSc-theses 1999 : studies in biodiversity I /
Multi-metric index development for biological monitoring in Washington State streams /
MULTISAR, the Milk River Basin Project habitat suitability models for selected wildlife management species /
National coastal condition report
National framework and guidance for describing the ecological character of Australian Ramsar wetlands : module 2 of the National guidelines for Ramsar wetlands--implementing the Ramsar Convention in Australia
National strategy for the conservation of Australia's biological diversity
Natural areas of North Dakota
Natural Community Conservation Planning (NCCP) the origins of an ambitious experiment to protect ecosystems /
Natural history of Nova Scotia topics and habitats /
Naturbetesmarker i landskapsperspektiv : en analys av kvaliteter och varden pa landskapsniva
NatureServe explorer an online encyclopedia of life
Authoritative conservation information on plants, animals, and ecological communities of the United States and Canada. Provides information on rare and endangered species but includes common plants and animals as well
NEON : addressing the nation's environmental challenges /
New England wildlife : management of forested habitats /
New Zealand coldwater springs and their biodiversity /
New Zealand Threat Classification System lists, 2002 /
New Zealand Threat Classification System lists, 2002 /
New Zealand Threat Classification System lists, 2005 /
New Zealand Threat Classification System manual /
Nonindigenous marine species at Waikiki and Hawaii Kai, Oahu, Hawaii
Nonindigenous marine species in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii
Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen /
North Marine Bioregional Plan : bioregional profile : a description of the ecosystems, conservation values, and uses of the North Marine Region
Northern Adriatic Bryozoa from the vicinity of Rovinj, Croatia /
Northwest Territories biodiversity action plan major initiatives on biodiversity /
Northwest Territories biodiversity action plan report two, gap and overlap analysis and recommendations for future actions /
Numbers of living species in Australia and the world
Numbers of living species in Australia and the world / - Latest ed.
Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary proceedings of the 1998 research workshop, Seattle, Washington /
On the cranial osteology of Chiroptera - pt.1
Options for managing the Kaimaumau wetland, Northland, New Zealand
Oregon estuary plan book /
Orientations visant a encourager les synergies entre les activites portant sur la diversite biologique, la desertification, la degradation des terres et les changements climatiques /
osteology of Rhombomylus (Mammalia, Glires) : implications for phylogeny and evolution of Glires /
Pathways and management of marine nonindigenous species in the shared waters of British Columbia and Washington final report, January, 1997 /
Pathways to our optimal future : a five-year review of the activities of the Puget Sound/Georgia Basin International Task Force : tracking the recommendations of the Marine Science Panel
Patterns of species richness in the high seas /
Maps of the species richness in the high seas are presented, which are based on the distribution of individual species of marine invertebrate and vertebrate groups, complemented with maps of genera and families of invertebrates and fishes. High seas refers to marine areas outside the 200-mile exclusive economic zones (EEZs) and continental shelf areas, or other described national jurisdictions. We considered known latitudinal and longitudinal gradients of the distribution of species richness (declining from the equator, and from a global center of species richness about Indonesia) where appropriate. Maps of the known locations of cold-water corals and seamounts are also presented. There is suggestive evidence that cold-water coral are associated with seamounts. If validated, this would allow predicting the existence of far more cold-water corals sites than so far documented. Both habitat types are threatened by trawling. Lastly, a map of the distribution of threatened non-fish vertebrates is provided. Together, these maps indicate marine biodiversity in the high seas to be richly patterned, with some of these patterns helping to identify areas in need of protection such as seamounts, and the high seas of the Southwest Pacific
Peace Parkland native grassland stewardship program 2001/02
perfect storm in the Amazon wilderness development and conservation in the context of the Initiative for the Integration of the Regional Infrastructure of South America (IIRSA) /
Perspectiva mundial sobre la diversidad biologica 2 /
Perspectives mondiales de la diversite biologique /
Phyletic diversification of the Cormohipparion occidentale complex (Mammalia, Perissodactyla, Equidae), late Miocene, North America, and the origin of the Old World Hippotherium Datum /
Phylogenetic relationships of oryzomine rodents (Muroidea:Sigmodontinae) : separate and combined analyses of morphological and molecular data /
Phylogenetic studies on didelphid marsupials. 2, Nonmolecular data and new IRBP sequences : separate and combined analyses of didelphine relationships with denser taxon samplings /
Phylogenetic systematics of dart-poison frogs and their relatives (Amphibia:Athesphatanura:Dendrobatidae) /
Phylogeny and systematics of Squamata (Reptilia) based on morphology /
Squamata (amphisbaenians, "lizards," mosasaurs, and snakes) is an extremely diverse clade with a rich fossil record. There is little consensus about the interrelationships of the major squamate clades (i.e., Iguania, Gekkota, Scincomorpha, Anguimorpha, Amphisbaenia, and Serpentes), or even the membership of some of these clades. Morphology-based cladistic analyses typically agree only that the major dichotomy in extant squamates is between Iguania and all other taxa. The phylogenetic placement of Amphisbaenia and Serpentes is particularly problematic. Incomplete taxon sampling is likely a major contributing factor to the absence of a consensus about squamate interrelationships. This study examines squamate relationships using 222 ingroup taxa scored for 363 morphological characters. Analysis of these data recovered 2,213 equally short trees with a length of 3,273 steps and a retention index of 0.7164. The results confirm the monophyly of the clades Scleroglossa (extant squamates exclusive of Iguania), Gekkota, Scincomorpha, Lacertoidea, Scincoidea, Anguimorpha, Carusioidea, Platynota, and Varanoidea. Novel results include the identification of a clade containing Scincidae sensu lato, Dibamidae, Amphisbaenia, and Serpentes; identification of a Mesozoic clade containing Bainguis, Eoxanta lacertifrons, Globaura venusta, and Myrmecodaptria; and identification of Dalinghosaurus as a basal shinisaur. A new taxonomic scheme is outlined. The names Iguanomorpha, Scincogekkonomorpha, Evansauria, and Mosasauriformes are applied to the stem-based groups including Iguania, Scleroglossa, Autarchoglossa, and Mosasauria, respectively. The importance of strict rigidity within taxonomy is questioned; taxonomy is most useful as a tool for communication about organisms or groups of organisms
Phylogeny of the cichlid subfamily Etroplinae and taxonomic revision of the Malagasy cichlid genus Paretroplus (Teleostei:Cichlidae) /
Physical habitat theme pilot audit technical report : Sustainable Rivers Audit /
Pilot analysis of global ecosystems : agroecosystems /
Pilot analysis of global ecosystems : coastal ecosystems /
Pilot analysis of global ecosystems freshwater systems /
Pilot analysis of global ecosystems grassland ecosystems /
Plant and animal communities along the Swedish Baltic Sea coast : the building of a database of quantitative data collected by SCUBA divers, its use, and some GIS applications in the Graso area /
Plantation design and biodiversity conservation
Plants and animals of Long Island Sound /
PLoS one, marine biodiversity and biogeography regional comparisons of global issues
Populationsforandringar hos skogslevande arter i relation till landskapets utveckling /
Port surveys for introduced marine species : background considerations and sampling protocols /
Potential value of indicator species for conservation and management of New Zealand terrestrial communities
The use of indicator species is reviewed within a context of the need for broader understanding of biological systems and the effects of management on biodiversity. The understanding needed to guide appropriate land management requires the integrated study of communities and systems in order to derive the basic principles operating
Poverty, development, and biodiversity conservation shooting in the dark? /
Pre- and post-settlement fire regimes in mountain big sagebrush steppe and aspen the northwestern Great Basin : final report 2001 to the National Interagency Fire Center /
Precision and repeatability of wadable stream habitat survey methods
Predicting invasions of nonindigenous plants and plant pests /
Preliminary assessment of selected communities of soil organisms under different conifer species /
Preliminary mass-balance model of Prince William Sound, Alaska, for the pre-spill period, 1980-1989 /
Pressures on coastal environments Ecological effects of fishing /
Principles for riparian lands management
"Principles for Riparian Lands Management reviews the science underpinning recommended management practices, and updates the Riparian Land Management Technical Guidelines published in 1999. The chapters are based on the main aspects of riparian land management, and summarise Australian R&D from within and beyond the National Riparian Lands R&D Program, as well as related findings from overseas. Principles has been developed to provide advisers and facilitators, state and territory agency, and local government staff, with information that will help them in working with groups and individual landholders to design and implement best-practice riparian management. The document is intended to have a national scope, but as Australia has a huge diversity of environments, it is not possible to be prescriptive about what to do in every region. The aim is to provide the science that will empower those with local knowledge to make appropriate local decisions"--P. vi
Problem analysis for Chilcotin-Cariboo grassland diversity /
Proceedings of a meeting on the biology and management of the introduced seastar Asterias amurensis in Australian waters /
Proceedings of the 11th World Lakes Conference, Nairobi, Kenya, 31 October to 4th November 2005
Proceedings of the Canadian Marine Ecoregions Workshop March 23-25, 2004, Les Suites Hotel, Ottawa, Ontario /
Proceedings of the Conference on Biodiversity Conservation and Utilisation--Policy Coherence, Ethical Issues, Management, and Implementation 13th October 1999, Eigtveds Pakhus, Copenhagen, Denmark /
Proceedings of the first International Workshop on the Demography, Impacts and Management of Introduced Populations of the European Crab, Carcinus Maenas : 20-21 March 1997, CSIRO Marine Laboratories, Hobart /
Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Roads, Rails, and Environment Workshop, "Impacts and Solutions for Aquatic Ecosystems" November 2-3, 1999, Hillcrest Hotel, Revelstoke, B.C
Proceedings of the World Heritage Boreal Zone Workshop held in St. Petersburg, Russia, 10-13 October 2003
Proceedings Workshop on Fire, People, and the Central Hardwoods Landscape : March 12-14, 2000, Richmond, Kentucky /
Proceedings, Symposium on Sustainable Management of Hemlock Ecosystems in eastern North America, June 22-24, 1999, Durham, New Hampshire /
Progress report on initiatives for the conservation of biodiversity in British Columbia
Proposed forest ecosystem network for the La Biche River watershed
Protected areas and the bottom line : proceedings of the 1997 Conference of the Canadian Council on Ecological Areas /
Protected areas on Vancouver Island an analysis of gaps in representation for conservation purposes /
Protecting and restoring our natural heritage a practical guide /
Protecting habitats on private land : perspectives from Northland, New Zealand /
This report considers the causes of habitat loss on private land through "development." Based on a case study in Northland and interviews with farmers and rural residents, it argues that, while habitat clearance needs to be addressed through regulation, to require habitat owners to bear much of the cost associated with retaining those habitats penalizes those who provide the public good. In addition, the uneven distribution of habitats means that protecting them has spatial and social implications
Protecting natural heritage using the Australian Natural Heritage Charter
Protection and restoration of marine life in the inland waters of Washington State /
Protocols for sampling macroinvertebrates in wadeable streams
Publication of archival, library & museum materials PALMM /
Publication of Archival, Library & Museum Materials (PALMM) is a cooperative initiative of the state universities of Florida to provide digital access to important source materials. PALMM projects may involve a single institution or may be collaborative efforts between multiple institutions or a combination of university and non-university institutions. PALMM projects create high-quality virtual collections relevant to the students, research community, and general citizenry of Florida. PALMM guidelines and procedures, as well as links to PALMM sites, are included
Puget Sound Research '98 proceedings : Washington State Convention and Trade Center, Seattle, Washington, March 12 & 13, 1998
Puget Sound's health 2000 : status and trends of key indicators of Puget Sound's health
Puget Sound's health 2002 status and trends of key indicators of Puget Sound's health
Pyramid Lake Research Natural Area /
Quantifying stand structural complexity in woodland and dry sclerophyll forest, south-eastern Australia
Quantitative description of mainland New Zealand's shallow subtidal reef communities /
Rainforest Action Network
Includes information about the organization and activities of RAN, rainforest destruction & conservation, and a special section for children and teachers
Rapid appraisal of riparian condition : technical guideline for the southern tablelands of New South Wales /
rapid biodiversity assessment of the Kaijende Highlands, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea
rapid biological assessment of North Lorma, Gola and Grebo National Forests, Liberia
Recommendations for a nonregulatory wetland restoration program for Oregon /
Recommended methods for monitoring floodplains and wetlands / - MDBC site
Recommended methods for monitoring floodplains and wetlands / - UW site
Reconnaissance assessment of the state of the nearshore ecosystem eastern shore of Central Puget Sound, including Vashon and Maury Islands (WRIAs 8 and 9) /
Recovery plans adopted under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999
Lists and provides full text of recovery plans for Australian endangered plants and animals
Reefs at risk a map-based indicator of threats to the world's coral reefs /
Reefs at risk in Southeast Asia
Reefs at risk in the Caribbean /
Reefscape : reflections on the Great Barrier Reef /
Refugia for biological diversity in arid and semi-arid Australia
Includes "EPBC protected matters search tool" which generates a report based on user selected area of interest to determine whether matters of national environmental significance or matters protected by the EPBC Act are likely to occur
Reimbursing the future : an evaluation of motivational, voluntary, price-based, property-right, and regulatory incentives for the conservation of biodiversity /
Remedial action grant guidelines 2003-2005 /
Report of the National Taskforce on the Prevention and Management of Marine Pest Incursions
report on the state reclaimed water facility operators workshop /
Research natural areas in Oregon and Washington : past and current research and related literature /
Research reports
Provides PDF versions of reprints, research reports, bibliographies, and reviews dealing with Padilla Bay and its immediate vicinity
Response of birds to thinning young douglas-fir forests
Response of birds to thinning young douglas-fir forests
Restaurering av biotoper /
Restoration of degraded land a comparison of structural and functional measurements of recovery /
Vegetation structure in amended sites, as measured by total vegetation cover and species richness, recovered to levels similar to references within the two years of the study. Plant community composition did not develop similarity to references in any experimental treatments. Both soil amendment and seeding type affected cellulose decomposition rates, with amended plots showing higher decomposition rates than unamended, and seeded plots exhibiting higher rates than unseeded. Enzyme activities were largely determined by soil amendment, but the reference plots consistently had higher enzymatic activity. Amended sites exhibited significant increases over time in soil respiration, reaching or surpassing the rates observed in reference areas. Methane oxidation rates were generally increased in disturbed plots compared to undisturbed references due to increased atmospheric diffusion into the soil. Amended areas exhibited depressed rates relative to unamended, and seeding level had no significant effect on methane oxidation. Over all measurements, restoration of ecosystem function was most facilitated by the addition of the soil amendment. Seeding treatment significantly altered the resultant plant community, which may have substantial, long-term consequences for succession. The inclusion of functional parameters into restoration assessment provides for better overall information concerning ecosystem performance and may add to the ability to predict long-term success of restoration efforts
Restoration of the principal Marotere Islands
Restoration plan for Korapuki Island (Mercury Islands), New Zealand, 2004-2024
restoration plan for Mangere Island, Chatham Islands group
Restoring and protecting marine habitat : the role of engineering and technology /
Restoring Palouse and canyon grasslands putting back the missing pieces /
Restoring wetlands at a river basin scale : a guide for Washington's Puget Sound /
Restover Truck Stop groundwater monitoring : results of February 2002 sampling
review and evaluation of ballast water sampling protocols
Review and evaluation of the potential of molecular approaches for the environmentally benign management of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Australian waters /
review of ecological risk assessment methodologies /
Review of experience with ecological networks, corridors, and buffer zones /
review of marine zones in the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary
review of rapid response options for the control of ABWMAC listed introduced marine pest species and related taxa in Australian waters
review of research into tourist and recreational uses of protected natural areas
Review of riparian buffer zone effectiveness
The purpose of this report is to review and summarise published research on the efficiency and management of riparian buffer zones (RBZ) with respect to the attenuation of sediment and nutrients, and biodiversity enhancement. While there have been numerous studies on the efficiency of RBZ with respect to sediment and nutrients, many of these studies have been small-scale and site-specific. Therefore, a review of these studies needs to consider an assessment of the catchment scale factors that influence the effectiveness of RBZ in attenuating catchment loads
review of the focal species approach in Australia
Review of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975 : review panel report /
Review of the literature on the links between biodiversity and climate change impacts, adaptation, and mitigation
Review of the status and trends of, and major threats to, forest biological diversity /
Revised protocols for baseline port surveys for introduced marine species survey design, sampling protocols, and specimen handling /
Revision and phylogenetic analysis of the Hadronema group (Miridae, Orthotylinae, Orthotylini), with descriptions of new genera and new species, and comments on the Neotropical genus Tupimiris /
Aoplonema Knight, Daleapidea Knight, Hadronema Uhler, and Hadronemidea Reuter are revised. Aoplonema nigrum, sp. nov., A. rubrum, sp. nov., Hadronema incognitum, sp. nov., and H. mexicanum, sp. nov. are described. Hadronemidea echinata, comb. nov. is proposed for Hadronema echinata Gruetzmacher and Schaffner, 1977. Aoplonemella, gen. nov. is described to accommodate Hadronema festiva Van Duzee, 1910; and Origonema, gen. nov. is described to accommodate Hadronema splendida Gibson, 1918. Scutomiris setosus, gen. et sp. nov. are described from Baja California Sur, Mexico. This new genus is superficially similar to the Neotropical genus Tupimiris. Male genitalic characters not mentioned in the original description of T. scutellatus are illustrated and compared with those of S. setosus, showing that the two are not related. Aoplonema, Aoplonemella, Daleapidea, Hadronema, Hadronemidea, Origonema, and Scutomiris form a monophyletic group herein denominated the Hadronema group. Dorsal habitus color photographs of all the species, scanning electron micrographs of selected species for each genus, and illustrations of male and female genitalic characters are provided for all species. Keys to separate the genera and species treated in this paper are presented. A phylogenetic hypothesis of relationships among the genera is proposed, and host-plant associations are discussed
revision of the Australasian ground spiders of the families Ammoxenidae, Cithaeronidae, Gallieniellidae, and Trochanteriidae (Araneae, Gnaphosoidea) /
revision of the Australasian ground spiders of the family Prodidomidae (Araneae:Gnaphosoidea) /
Revision of the Mexican genera Ficinus Distant and Jornandes Distant, with the description of 21 new species (Heteroptera:Miridae:Orthotylinae:Orthotylini) /
Revision of the plant bug genus Coridromius Signoret (Insecta:Heteroptera:Miridae) /
The plant bug genus Coridromius Signoret is revised. Twenty-one new species from Australia, the South Pacific, Asia, and Africa are described (bicolor, boianotum, bulbopella, chenopoderis, confusus, crassus, drepanopenis, ephippius, epithema, falsicoleus, hermosus, lestoni, marmoreus, monotocopsis, pilbarensis, prolixipenis, pteraulos, ruwenzorii, sommelieri, tahitiensis, and thalame). Ten previously described species are redescribed (schuhi is excluded, as the type material is presumed lost and Linnavuori's original description and illustrations (Linnavuori, 1994) are not sufficient to distinguish schuhi from most other species). The genus Coridromoides Carvalho is synonymized with Coridromius, and its sole species, Coridromoides carinatus Carvalho, 1956, is transferred to Coridromius. A key to species, color habitus figures, illustrations of male genitalia, photographs of paragenital dissections, and scanning electron micrographs of structural details are provided. Detailed locality information and distribution maps of all species are included. Host plant data is provided for some species
revision of the Turonian members of the ammonite subfamily Collignoniceratinae from the United States Western Interior and Gulf Coast /
Riparian and aquatic habitats of the Pacific Northwest and southeast Alaska : ecology, management history, and potential management strategies /
Riparian areas : functions and stragegies for management /
Risk assessment framework for ballast water introductions /
Risk assessment framework for ballast water introductions. Volume II
Risk of FeraCol baits to non-target invertebrates, native skinks, and weka /
River and stream water quality monitoring report for water year ... /
Rivers of life critical watersheds for protecting freshwater biodiversity /
role of disturbance in dryland New Zealand : past and present /
role of fire in nongame wildlife management and community restoration traditional uses and new directions : proceedings of a special workshop, Nashville, TN, September 15, 2000 /
role of marine reserves as fisheries management tools a review of concepts, evidence, and international experience /
role of nearshore ecosystems as fish and shellfish nurseries
role of voucher specimens in validating faunistic and ecological research : a brief /
Rostocker meeresbiologische Beitrage - 1993 to present
Rotoiti Nature Recovery Project : an evaluation of advocacy /
Saguenay un fjord exceptionnel! = an exceptional fjord!
Saltwater country Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander interest in ocean policy development and implementation
Science annual report / - 2005/06 to present
Scientific synthesis of the impacts of ocean acidification on marine biodiversity
Scientific synthesis of the impacts of ocean fertilization on marine biodiversity
Screening procedure to evaluate effects of air pollution on eastern region wildernesses cited as Class I air quality areas /
Sediment quality in Puget Sound. Year 3, southern Puget Sound /
Sediment toxicity near Gas Works Park, Lake Union, Seattle /
Selected interactions between phytoplankton, zooplankton, and the microbial food web microcosm experiments in marine and limnic habitats /
In my first experiment (Katechakis et al. 2005) I investigated if mixotrophs influence energy transfer efficiency to higher trophic levels differently than predicted for purely phototrophic organisms. My results indicate that compared to phototrophic specialists mixotrophs may enhance transfer efficiency towards herbivores at low light conditions and in situations when limiting nutrients are linked to bacteria and to the picoplankton. Additionally, the results suggest that mixotrophs may have a stabilizing effect on variations in trophic cascade strength caused by perturbations to light and nutrient supply ratios. My second experiment (Katechakis and Stibor 2005a) served as a first step towards analyzing if the results gained from the first experiment have any ecological relevance in situ, that is, if mixotrophs in nature-like communities can gain enough importance to relevantly influence transfer efficiency and system stability. Competition experiments revealed that mixotrophs may invade and suppress plankton communities that consist of purely phototrophic and purely phagotrophic specialists at low nutrient conditions while high nutrient supplies prevent mixotrophs from successfully invading such communities. In systems where mixotrophs suppressed their specialist competitors they indeed had a habitat-ameliorating effect for higher trophic levels, gauged in terms of plankton food quality
Selenium hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates : a synoptic review /
Separate and interactive effects of consumers and nutrient enrichment on the structure of benthic marine communities
Determining the relative roles of top-down vs. bottom-up forces in controlling the structure of ecological communities is of primary importance because anthropogenic nutrient loading, overharvesting of consumers, and potential interactions of these forces are pervasively changing ecosystems throughout the world. Here I use both field experimentation and meta-analyses to investigate the role of predators in controlling community composition, the relative roles of herbivores vs. nutrient enrichment in controlling the abundance of benthic primary producers, and the influence of herbivore diversity on the community structure of coral reefs. On a coral reef in the Florida Keys, I showed that release from predation by large fishes and invertebrates via exclusion cages allowed population increases in the gorgonian-eating gastropod Cyphoma gibbosum which increased predation rates on gorgonian corals. To directly address the relative roles of top-down and bottom-up forces in controlling primary producers in benthic marine habitats, I used factorial meta-analysis of 54 field experiments that orthogonally manipulated herbivore pressure and nutrient loading to quantify the effects of consumers and nutrient enrichment on community structure. The relative effects of herbivores vs. nutrient enrichment were context dependant, varying with latitude, the type of primary producer, and the nutrient status of the system. To address the influence of herbivore diversity on the community structure of Caribbean coral reefs, I used manipulative field experiments over two years to show that a Caribbean reef changes dramatically as a function of herbivorous fish diversity. The effects of herbivore diversity on community structure were strong in both years of the experiment due to different diet preferences among herbivores. Higher herbivore diversity suppressed macroalgal abundance, increased abundance of crustose coralline algae, reduced coral mortality, and increased coral growth when compared to treatments with lower herbivore diversity. Complementary feeding by different fishes drove these patterns because macroalgae were unable to effectively deter feeding by fishes with different attack strategies. Thus, herbivore diversity appears to play an important role in the healthy function of coral reef ecosystems via complementary feeding of different herbivore species
Septage management strategic plan /
Shade the Chehalis!
Shrubland ecosystem genetics and biodiversity : proceedings : Provo, UT, June 13-15, 2000 /
Significance of peatlands in Southland Plains Ecological District, New Zealand /
Simulated carbon and water processes of forest ecosystems in Forsmark and Oskarshamn during a 100-year period /
Slime-mold beetles of the genus Agathidium Panzer in North and Central America, Coleoptera:Leiodidae / - pt.1
Slime-mold beetles of the genus Agathidium Panzer in North and Central America, Coleoptera:Leiodidae / - pt.2
Slope stabilization and erosion control using vegetation : a manual of practice for coastal property owners /
Small-scale structures and grazing intensity in semi-natural pastures : effects on plants and insects /
Social impacts of marine reserves in New Zealand /
Solutions for sustainable mariculture : avoiding the adverse effects of mariculture on biological diversity : report of the Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Mariculture
Sourcebook on remote sensing and biodiversity indicators /
Southern California Coastal Water Research Project annual report / - 2007 to present
Southern California Coastal Water Research Project SCCWRPA : [annual report] - (Southern California Coastal Water Research Project) 1986
Contains revised articles, with new data, on projects originally issued in the Project's newsletters, along with summaries of recently completed projects
Southern Headwaters at Risk Project a multi-species conservation strategy for the headwaters of the Oldman River / - v.1
Southern Headwaters at Risk Project a multi-species conservation strategy for the headwaters of the Oldman River / - v.2
Southern Headwaters at Risk Project a multi-species conservation strategy for the headwaters of the Oldman River / - v.3
Southern Headwaters at Risk Project a multi-species conservation strategy for the headwaters of the Oldman River / - v.4
Southern Headwaters at Risk Project a multi-species conservation strategy for the headwaters of the Oldman River / - v.5
Spatial modelling of marine organisms in Forsmark and Oskarshamn : including calculation of physical predictor variables /
Spatial simulations of Hong Kong's marine ecosystem : ecological and economic forecasting of marine protected areas with human-made reefs /
Spatiotemporal variability of chemistry and biota in boreal surface waters : a multiscale analysis of patterns and processes /
Species at risk, species indicators, and sustainable forest management in the Prince George TSA summary of presentations / - pt.1
Species at risk, species indicators, and sustainable forest management in the Prince George TSA summary of presentations / - pt.2
Species inventory fundamentals - Inventory dataforms
Species inventory fundamentals
This manual presents an introduction to the species inventory program in British Columbia. It describes the history and objectives of Resources Inventory Committee (RIC), and outlines the general process of conducting a species inventory according to RIC standards, including selection of inventory intensity, sampling design, sampling techniques, and statistical analysis
Species profiles and threats database
This resource is designed to provide information about Australian species and ecological communities listed under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. It provides information on what the species looks like, its population and distribution, habitat, movements, feeding, reproduction, and taxonomic comments. The information has been compiled by summarizing information from a range of sources and contributors
Species report card
Species taxonomy, phylogeny, and biogeography of the Brontotheriidae (Mammalia:Perissodactyla) /
Nine to twelve intercontinental dispersals, mostly in the middle Eocene (Uintan and Irdinmanhan land mammal "ages") between North America and Asia are implied by the cladistic results. The timing of these dispersals agrees with prior conclusions regarding the timing of large influxes of mammal taxa into North America from Asia. However, the frequency of interchanges is far greater than previously surmised. Following basic MacArthur-Wilson island biogeography theory, North America, the smaller continent, is viewed as a cul-de-sac, receiving repeated waves of immigrants from Asia, the larger continent. However, the phylogenetic results of the Brontotheriidae suggest the possibility that the predominant direction of dispersal could have been in the opposite direction; this result questions the validity of applying island biogeography theory to continent-scale dispersal dynamics
spider subfamily Amaurobioidinae (Araneae, Anyphaenidae) : a phylogenetic revision at the generic level /
Springer protocols - UW restricted UW restricted
Springer protocols is a database of reproducible laboratory protocols in the life and biomedical sciences offering researchers access to nearly thirty years worth of time tested, easily reproducible, step-by-step protocols for immediate use in their lab. Includes protocols from the Humana Press series, Methods in molecular biology, Methods in molecular medicine, Methods in biotechnology, Methods in pharmacology and toxicology, and Neuromethods, as well as from a vast number of laboratory handbooks, such as the Biomethods handbook, the Proteomics handbook, and the Springer laboratory manuals. Formerly issued as:
state of coral reef ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States / - 2002 to present
State of habitat availability and quality in inland waters /
State of the coast
State of Washington natural heritage plan
State policies and programs related to marine managed areas issues and recommendations for a national system /
"From July 2002 to March 2003, the Coastal States Organization, in cooperation with the National Marine Protected Areas Center, conducted research and interviews related to state-level marine managed areas (MMAs) and the potential for future federal/state coordination within a national MPA system. Section one of this report characterizes existing MMA policies and programs at the state level. Section two presents the potential implications of the proposed national system of MPAs for coastal states. Section three proposes recommendations toward an effective national MPA system for consideration by both state and federal officials."
Status and trends of biodiversity of inland water ecosystems
Status and trends of the nation's biological resources /
Status and trends of, and threats to, mountain biodiversity and marine, coastal, and inland water ecosystems : abstracts of poster presentations at the Eighth Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical, and Technological Advice of the Conven
Status of and attitudes toward aquatic macroinvertebrate monitoring on national forests and districts of the Bureau of Land Management /
Status of coral reefs of the world .
Status of deep sea corals in US waters : with recommendations for their conservation and management /
Status of the coral reefs at the Cocos (Keeling) Islands : a report on the status of the marine community at Cocos (Keeling) Islands, east Indian Ocean, 1997-2005
Status of the interior Columbia Basin : summary of scientific findings
Status, trends, and effects of toxic contaminants in the Puget Sound environment recommendations : final /
Sthenurus (Macropodidae:Marsupialia) from the Pleistocene of Lake Callabonna, South Australia /
Stillaguamish River bank & physical habitat conditions survey 2002 summary report
Stream ecology
Streamside management a decision-making procedure for south coastal British Columbia /
This booklet is a site-specific guide to the management of streamsides on Vancouver Island and south coastal British Columbia for which logging is proposed. It should be considered an aid for field level personnel to determine what logging practices should be used and how much vegetation, if any, should be left along streamsides to provide for the requirements of non-timber users. The procedure deals with the maintenance of fisheries, wildlife, recreational, aesthetic, and water quality values while harvesting timber. It does not deal with stream rehabilitation or stream improvement projects, nor does it consider the trade-offs between resource values. However, it does provide information which may help to make those trade-offs
Study on the development of transboundary natural resource management areas in Africa Kilimanjaro Heartland case study /
Study on the development of transboundary natural resource management areas in southern Africa. Highlights and findings
Substance registry system
Provides information on chemical substances and biological organisms and how they are represented in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations and information systems
Success stories in implementation of the programmes of work on dry and sub-humid lands and the Global Taxonomy Initiative : abstracts of poster presentations at the 11th Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical, and Technological Advice of
Summary of the Hanford site environmental report for calendar year ..
summit herpetofauna of Auyantepui, Venezuela : report from the Robert G. Goelet American Museum-Terramar Expedition /
Sun Lakes trophic status assessment study /
Supplement ... to Federal research natural areas in Oregon and Washington - (U.S. Forest Service) 1973 to present
Sustaining healthy freshwater ecosystems
Synthesis and review of the best available scientific studies on priority areas for biodiversity conservation in marine areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction
"The present report is the first attempt to review and synthesize existing literature for the priority habitats listed in decision VIII/24, which include seamounts, cold-water coral reefs, hydrothermal vents and other ecosystems in areas beyond national jurisdiction. The report presents, in synthesized format, information about the distribution, status and trends (where available), as well as the threats facing these ecosystems. Information about the functioning of these ecosystems and the ecology of associated species is also presented. Finally, the report reviews work that has been undertaken to identify priority conservation areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction"--P. 9
Systematics and ecology of ichthyomyine rodents (Muroidea) : patterns of morphological evolution in a small adaptive radiation /
Taking care of streams in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Alaska a guide to riparian areas in rangelands
Technical advice on the establishment and management of a national system of marine and coastal protected areas /
Temperature and salinity tolerances of larvae of the northern Pacific seastar, Asterias amurensis /
Terrestrial and marine protected areas in Australia (1997) /
Terrestrial and marine protected areas in Australia 2002 summary statistics from the Collaborative Australian Protected Areas Database (CAPAD)
Thirty years of stream protection : long-term nutrient and vegetation changes in a retired pasture stream /
Whangamata Stream, which flows into Lake Taupo (Taupomoana), New Zealand, was protected by the establishment of riparian strips in 1976. The stream has been monitored since 1978, and the findings from this monitoring programme are analysed in this report. The vegetation in the riparian zone developed from a ryegrass-clover (Lolium-Lotus) pasture to a mixture of exotic woodland and native scrub communities, with dense flax (Phormium tenax), sedges (Carex spp.) and toetoe (Cortaderia fulvida) overhanging the stream channel. With the help of conservation plantings, the number of species increased at an average rate of 5.2 species per year (6.6% per year). There has been a 7.2% annual turnover in species and a continuing increase in the proportion of woody species over time. Over the 32-year period, base-flow stream discharge has varied from 0.03 m3/s to c. 0.166 m3/s, with some long-term cycles apparent. In the source springs, nitrate concentrations have increased by 50% since 1984, while dissolved reactive phosphorus concentrations have only increased slightly. In the stream channel, there was marked seasonality in both the concentration and mass flow of total suspended solids and nutrients, with lowest values in summer at the time of maximum vegetation growth and therefore nutrient uptake. Active management of stream bank vegetation that minimises shade over the stream channel and maximises fast-growing stream plants is required if the management objective for the riparian strip is to enhance in-stream nutrient uptake (attenuation). If, however, the long-term objective is to restore the stream banks to a "natural state"--in this case a manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) woodland--then dissolved nutrient attenuation will decrease with time. Riparian protection and managed enhancement of in-stream vegetation for nutrient removal needs to be considered as one of a range of nutrient control methods in farming catchments
Threatened and endangered species in the national park system
The National Park Service's role in preserving threatened and endandered species
Threatened species lists, listing statements, and recovery plans
These lists outline all species on Tasmania's Threatened Species Protection Act 1995. Where available, these lists contain links to PDF files of listing statements, fact sheets, and/or recovery plans
Tidal marshes : the boundary between land and ocean /
Tidal marshes of Long Island Sound ecology, history, and restoration /
Timber-harvesting effects on riparian wildlife and vegetation in the Okanagan Highlands of British Columbia /
Treated wood issues associated with overwater structures in marine and freshwater environments
Tree of life web project
"The Tree of Life Web Project (ToL) is a collaborative effort of biologists and nature enthusiasts from around the world. On more than 10,000 World Wide Web pages, the project provides information about biodiversity, the characteristics of different groups of organisms, and their evolutionary history (phylogeny)."
Trophic mass-balance model of Alaska's Prince William Sound ecosystem for the post-spill period, 1994-1996 /
Trophic mass-balance model of Alaska's Prince William Sound ecosystem, for the post-spill period 1994-1996 /
Tropical rapid appraisal of riparian condition /
Ultraviolet radiation, human health, and the urban forest
Understanding public conservation awareness within the Waikato Conservancy, New Zealand /
Understory tree characteristics and disturbance history of a central Appalachian forest prior to old-growth harvesting /
UNEP-WCMC biodiversity series
UNESCO-IOC register of marine organisms
Presents the UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms, a searchable database maintained at the National Museum of Natural History in Leiden, The Netherlands. Allows users to search the database. The database is principally a tool to assist governments in the implementation process of the Convention on Biological Diversity, but is also used to build an internationally agreed taxonomic terminology of marine organisms
Ungulate browsing as an ecosystem process browser-plant-soil interactions in a southern African savanna /
I found evidence that long-term selective browsing may negatively affect soil nutrient pool, at least in the vicinity of palatable woody plants. I proposed this might be due to the drastic reduction of leaf-twig litter mass returned to the soil, which likely decreased decomposer activity and negatively affected N mineralization rates. Hence, the processes responsible for a loss of nutrients in the soil were different from those proposed for northern hemisphere scenarios, which were instead due to decreased litter quality. However, I found evidence of high plant resilience in heavily browsed sites where Acacia stands shown (1) higher leaf N during the main growing season, (2) higher N release from leaf litter, (3) high concentrations of nitrate (NO3) and ammonium (NH4), and (4) similar, or even faster, litter decomposition rates than in lightly browsed sites. Firstly, this suggests that tree pruning triggers and maintains a fast nutrient cycling within the plant-browser system. The accelerating effect is supported by high mass compensatory growth abilities from highly palatable, fast-growing Acacia trees that produce highly decomposable litter. Secondly, browsing may have a long-term decelerating effect on N cycling through quantitative changes in litter production rather than through qualitative changes in litter chemistry. Further studies should better address processes related to soil nutrient cycling to confirm such hypothesis. I discuss how the interactive effects of browsing-grazing-soil fertility may influence nutrient cycling trough different ecological processes
Unprotected wild lands in Washington State an analysis of their current status and future under current management direction /
Use of population viability analysis in conservation management in New Zealand /
Utilisation and knowledge of biodiversity in the Ranong Biosphere Reserve, Thailand
Valuing ecosystem services : toward better environmental decision-making /
Valuing wetlands guidance for valuing the benefits derived from wetland ecosystem services / - Ramsar site
Valuing wetlands guidance for valuing the benefits derived from wetland ecosystem services / - CBD site
Vegetation management : a guide for Puget Sound bluff property owners /
Vehicle impacts on the biota of sandy beaches and coastal dunes a review from a New Zealand perspective /
Previous research into vehicle impacts on the biota of sandy beaches and coastal dunes in other countries is summarized, and is examined for its relevance to the management of these resources in New Zealand
Verification of 1998 303(d) PCB listing, inner Budd Inlet /
Visitor impacts on marine protected areas in New Zealand /
The results of a survey of New Zealand and international literature to identify negative impacts associated with visitors to marine protected areas are presented. It is suggested that further research is needed to assess the biological significance of visitor impacts and that there is a need for long-term research to assess the sustainability of visitor activities
Voyage of the Beagle - Part of the package: eBooks@Adelaide
Washington State wetlands identification and delineation manual /
Washington Water Acquisition Program : finding water to restore streams /
Water quality assessments of volunteer monitored lakes within Washington State : 1998-1999 /
Water relations of plants and soils /
"E-book in University of Delaware Library Institutional Repository."
Water, wetlands, and forests : a review of ecological, economic, and policy linkages
Watering wetlands : impediments and challenges to the transfer of knowledge between wetland managers and scientists /
Watershed restoration, jobs-in-the-woods, and community assistance : Redwood National Park and the Northwest Forest Plan /
Weaving resilience into our working lands : recommendations for the future roles of native plants
Weeping myall woodlands : a nationally threatened ecological community : Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 policy statement 3.17
Welcome to MendelWeb
"An educational resource for teachers and students interested in the origins of classical genetics, introductory data analysis, elementary plant science, and the history and literature of science. Constructed around Gregor Mendel's 'Versuche uber Pflanzen-Hybriden'."
West African marine ecosystems : models and fisheries impacts /
Wet Tropics Conservation Strategy (2004) the conservation, rehabilitation, and transmission to future generations of the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area /
Wetland bioassessment fact sheets /
Wetland buffers : use and effectiveness /
Wetland inventory, assessment, and monitoring practical techniques and identification of major issues : proceedings of Workshop 4, 2nd International Conference on Wetlands and Development, Dakar, Senegal, 8-14 November 1998 /
Wetland mitigation replacement ratios : defining equivalency / Andrew J. Castelle ... [et al.]
Wetland restoration handbook for Wisconsin landowners /
Wetland walks : a guide to Washington's public access wetlands /
Wetlands and government policy and legislation for wetland conservation in Canada
The purpose of this paper is to describe Canada's frameworks for wetland conservation. It first describes the policy framework, looking at federal, provincial, and industry sector policies on wetlands. It then reviews the legislative framework, summarizing federal, provincial, and territorial jurisdiction & statutes concerning wetlands. The final section summarizes common themes & features found in wetland policies, discusses their evolution, and indicates issues for further study. Appendices include a discussion of wetland definitions and a summary of wetland policies & statutes by jurisdiction
Wetlands losses in the United States, 1780's to 1980's /
Wetlands mitigation banking /
Wetlands, status and trends in the conterminous United States, mid-1970's to mid-1980's : first update of the national wetlands status report /
White paper on the conservation and sustainable use of South Africa's biological diversity
Wild species at risk in Saskatchewan
Accounts of extirpated, endangered, threatened, and vulnerable species of animals and plants in Saskatchewan
wilderness threats matrix a framework for assessing impacts /
Wildland fire in ecosystems. Effects of fire on fauna /
Wildland fire in ecosystems. Effects of fire on flora
Wildlife ecology and forest habitat /
Wildlife habitat impact assessment, Chief Joseph Dam Project, Washington : project report 1992 /
Wisconsin's biodiversity as a management issue : a report to Department of Natural Resources managers
Working together for biodiversity : regional and international initiatives contributing to achieving and measuring progress towards the 2010 target : abstracts of poster presentations at the Tenth Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical,
Workshop on the Compilation, Maintenance, and Dissemination of Taxonomic Authority Files [proceedings] /
The compilation, maintenance, and dissemination of taxonomic authority files has much in common with the enterprise of authority control as conceived and practiced in the library cataloging and information retrieval communities. The purpose of this workshop was to provide a forum in which members of the systematics and library communities could describe their respective domains, and identify the concepts, practices, and technologies that could be shared to promote consistency in the cataloging, indexing, and retrieval of biological information. The two-day workshop consisted of 18 presentations by invited speakers, questions and comments for speakers, and discussion at the end of each session. The presented papers, summaries of discussion, and recommendations are published electronically on this site
Workshop report on Acid precipitation and the forest ecosystem
World biodiversity database
The World biodiversity database (WBD) is a continuously growing taxonomic database and information system that allows you to search and browse a number of online species banks covering a wide variety of organisms. The species banks accessible through the WBD offer taxonomic information, species names, synonyms, descriptions, illustrations and literature references, as well as online identification keys and interactive geographical information systems
World register of marine species WoRMS
Aims to provide an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of marine organisms, including information on synonymy. While highest priority goes to valid names, other names in use are included so that this register can serve as a guide to interpret taxonomic literature
WWF annual review - (WWF) 2005 to present
yucca plant and the yucca moth

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