Secondary Sources

Austin, Allan W. "From Concentration Camp to Campus: A History of the National Japanese American Student Relocation Council, 1942-1946." PhD diss., University of Cincinnati, 2001.

Daniels, Roger. "The Exile and Return of Seattle's Japanese." Pacific Northwest Quarterly 88, no. 4 (1997):166-173.

Dye, Douglas. "For the Sake of Seattle's Soul: The Seattle Council of Churches, the Nikkei Community, and World War II." Pacific Northwest Quarterly 93, no. 3 (2002):127-136 .

Hall, Evaline Jenness. "Japanese American College Students during the Second World War: The Politics of Relocation." PhD diss., Indiana University, 1994.

Hayashi, Ann Koto. Face of the Enemy, Heart of a Patriot: Japanese-American Internment Narratives. New York: Garland, 1995.

Ito, Leslie A. "Japanese American Women and the Student Relocation Movement, 1942-1945." Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 21, no. 3 (2000):1-24.

James, T. "Life Begins with Freedom: the College Nisei, 1942-1945." History of Education Quarterly 25, now. 1-2 (1985):155-174 .

Kashima, Tetsuden. Judgment without Trial: Japanese American Imprisonment during World War II. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2003.

Madgen, Ronald E. Furasato: Tacoma-Pierce County Japanese, 1888-1988. Tacoma: Tacoma Japanese Cmmunity Service, 1998.

Matsumoto, Valerie. "Japanese American Women During World War II." Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 8, no. 1 (1984).

Miyamoto, Shotaro Frank. Social Solidarity Among the Japanese in Seattle. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1984.

Okihiro, Gary Y. Storied Lives: Japanese American Students and World War II. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999.

Shaffer, Robert. "Cracks in the Consensus: Defending the Rights of Japanese Americans During World War II," Radical History Review 72(3):84-120 (1998).

———. "Opposition to Internment: Defending Japanese American Rights During World War II," Historian 61(3):597-619 (1999).

Takami, David A. Divided Destiny: A History of Japanese Americans in Seattle. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1998.

Tsuchida, John Nobuya, Ed. Reflections: Memoirs of Japanese American Women in Minnesota. Covina, California: Pacific Asia Press, 1994.

United States Commission on Wartime and Relocation and Internment of Civilians. Personal Justice Denied: Report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, With a new foreward by Tetsuden Kashima, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997.

Welker, R. Todd. "Utah Schools and the Japanese American Student Relocation Program." Utah State Historical Quarterly 70, no. 1 (2002):4-20.

Published Primary Sources

Barstow, Robbins W. "Help for 'Nisei Students" Christian Century, July 1, 1942, 837.

Coe, G. A. "Japanese Student Relocation," International Journal of Religious Education 19, no. 2 (1942):4.

Cosgrove, Margaret. "Relocation of American-Japanese Students." Journal of the American Association of Collegiate Registrars 18, no.3 (April 1943):221-226.

From Camp to College: The Story of Japanese American Student Relocation. Philadelphia: National Japanese American Student Relocation Council, 1945.

How to Help Japanese American Student Relocattion. Philadelphia: National Japanese American Student Relocation Council, 1944.

"Japanese Americans "Evacuated" From UW." Columns, May 1942.

La Violette, Forrest E. "The American-Born Japanese and the World Crisis." The Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science 7, no. 4 (1941):517-52.

"Nisei Students in Junior College: A Symposium." Junior College Journal 9, no. 1 (September 1943):5-11.

"Nisei Students Speak for Themselves: A Symposium." Junior College Journal 9, no. 6 (February 1944):243-252.

O'Brien, Robert W. "The Changing Role of the College Nisei During the Crisis Period: 1931-1943." PhD diss., University of Washington, 1945.

———. The College Nisei. Palo Alto: Pacific Books, 1949.

———. "Reaction of the College Nisei to Japan and Japanese Foreign Policy from the Invasion of Manchuria to Pearl Harbor," Pacific Northwest Quarterly, 36 (1945):19-28.

———. "Student Relocation." Common Ground 3, no. 4 (Summer 1943): 75.

Provinse, John H. "Relocation of Japanese-American College Students: Acceptance of a Challenge" Higher Education 1, no. 8 (April 16, 1945).

"Relocating Japanese American Students." Education for Victory 1, no. 14 (September 15, 1942).

Richardson, O. D. "Nisei Evacuees — Their Challenge to Education." Junior College Journal 8, no. 1 (September 1942):6-12.

Schmoe, Floyd. "America's Protective Custody." Fellowship 8, no. 7 (1942).

Steiner, Jesse Frederick. Behind the Japanese Mask. New York: Macmillan Company, 1943.

Walton, O. M. "Student President is a Japanese-American." Time, April 14, 1943, 467.

U.S. Congress. House. Select Committee Investigating National Defense Migration. National defense migration. Hearings ... pursuant to H. Res. 113, a resolution to inquire further into the interstate migration of citizens, emphasizing the present and potential consequences of the migration caused by the national defense program. Part. 30. Portland and Seattle hearings, February 26 and 28, and March 2, 1942. Problems of evacuation of enemy aliens and others from prohibited military zones. 77th Congress, 2nd Sess., May 1942. Washington, DC: GPO, 1942.

University of Washington Tyee 1942, Seattle, Washington.

University of Washington Libraries Manuscript and Archival Collections

  • American Friends Service Committee, Accession no. 4791
  • Mary Farguharson Papers, Accession no. 397-5
  • Fuyo Kai, Accession no. 4363
  • Fuyo Kai, Accession no. 80-26
  • Higano Family Papers, Accession no. 2870
  • Japanese Students Club, Accession No. 1853
  • Robert O'Brien Oral History Interview, Accession no. 2420
  • Henry Heiji Okuda, Accession no. 2345
  • Chihiro Kikuchi Correspondence, Accession no. 3711
  • Ring Family Papers, Accession no. 4241
  • Floyd W. Schmoe Papers, Accession no. 496-4
  • University Students Club, Accession No. 1853-002
  • University of Washington Registrar Records, Accession no. 78-16
  • University of Washington School of Law, Accession no. 84-008
  • University of Washington Student Affairs, Accession no. 80-42
  • University of Washington V.P. Student Affairs, Accession no. 71-38


  • Camp Harmony News-Letter
  • Fuyo Kai Fulcrum
  • Japanese American Courier
  • Minidoka Irrigator
  • Oberlin Review
  • Seattle Times
  • Seattle Post-Intelligencer
  • The University of Washington Daily

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